noun[often with modifier]
1An estate on which crops such as coffee, sugar, and tobacco are cultivated by resident labor.
- Sugar and tobacco plantations were established in the 17th century, worked by imported African slaves.
- Slaves from Africa were used to grow sugar and other plantation crops, it has been argued, because they comprised the least-cost option.
- In 1953, Shell bought a second plantation nearby, where sugar cane and tobacco used to grow.
1.1An area in which trees have been planted, especially for commercial purposes.
- Its landscape has separate areas for tree plantations and wild flowers to promote biodiversity.
- These trees were introduced from abroad by foresters for fast-growing commercial plantations.
- An inferior project such a plantation of non-native trees may block migratory routes of key species and illegally evict local people.
1.2 historical A colony.
- On the LeBlanc family cotton plantation in Iberville, the men rolled logs while the women cleaned up the grounds; the men chopped wood and plowed while the women hoed.
- His Ciel Investment is building 250 homes on his family's beachfront plantation at Beau Champ on the island's east coast.
- England's first successful plantation in North America was Virginia, refounded (after several false starts) in 1607.
Late Middle English (denoting the action of planting seeds): from Latin plantatio(n-), from the verb plantare 'to plant'.
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