Definition of polarize in English:

polarize

Syllabification: po·lar·ize
Pronunciation: /ˈpōləˌrīz
 
/

verb

1 [with object] Physics Restrict the vibrations of (a transverse wave, especially light) wholly or partially to one direction: (as adjective polarizing) a polarizing microscope
More example sentences
  • We used the EOM and quarter-wave plate combination to rotate the polarization direction of the linearly polarized laser light.
  • Bile must be centrifuged and examined under polarizing or light microscopy for detection of precipitates.
  • Even though the sun itself produces fully depolarized light, partially linearly polarized light is abundant in natural scenes.
2 [with object] Physics Cause (something) to acquire polarity: the electrode is polarized in aqueous solution
More example sentences
  • By polarizing the cells, ions are removed from the electrolyte and are held in the electric double layers formed at the carbon aerogel surfaces of the electrodes.
  • Whenever a gas gets sufficiently cold, ions attract a crowd by polarizing surrounding atoms - inducing a charge asymmetry in them - which draws them near.
  • The S atom in this side chain also helps polarize the C-H bond more than other methyl C-H bonds.
3Divide or cause to divide into two sharply contrasting groups or sets of opinions or beliefs: [no object]: the cultural sphere has polarized into two competing ideological positions [with object]: Vietnam polarized political opinion
More example sentences
  • Analysts brushed aside on Friday fears that political parties would be polarized into Islamic and nationalist groupings in their struggle for power in the 2004 election.
  • Political life became sharply polarised between the left, dominated ideologically if not numerically by the Stalinists, and the right, dominated by the Muslim Brotherhood.
  • You will find opinions as polarised here as anywhere in the world, if not more so.

Derivatives

polarizability

Pronunciation: /ˌpōləˌrīzəˈbilətē/
noun
More example sentences
  • This is the normal effect due to London forces - the greater the polarizability of the electron cloud, the more the condensed phase is stabilized by transient dipoles.
  • Dependence of the obtained fluorescence lifetimes on the solvent orientation polarizability, a parameter being the function of both refractive index and dielectric constant, was discussed.
  • With regard to the observed changes in the spectral properties of the nucleosides in neat solvents, these may be the result of interactions that stem from solvent polarity, polarizability, or specific effects.

polarizable

adjective
More example sentences
  • The formation of a bleach continuum suggests the presence of a polarizable proton in the ground state that changes during the photocycle.
  • Another active area of biophysical research concerns the study of the interactions involving charged, polar and polarizable groups of atoms in proteins.
  • The electrode may be a polarizable electrode composed of activated carbon.

polarization

Pronunciation: /ˌpōlərəˈzāSHən/
noun
More example sentences
  • This does not mean that a measurement of one polarization will destroy the other polarization.
  • Their system continually rotates the polarization to keep the torque constant.
  • The first lens will block out light in one polarization and the second lens will block out the rest.

polarizer

noun
More example sentences
  • For those that don't know, in LCD displays, use is made of linear polarisers, familiar to most as the glass in polarising sunglasses.
  • During phosphorescence measurements the polarizers are removed.
  • A linear polarizer placed before the beam splitter rejected the p-polarized light, reducing the light noise and increasing the system dynamic range.

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Word of the day animalcule
Pronunciation: ˌanɪˈmalkjuːl
noun
a microscopic animal