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polyp

Syllabification: pol·yp
Pronunciation: /ˈpäləp
 
/

Definition of polyp in English:

noun

1 Zoology A solitary or colonial sedentary form of a coelenterate such as a sea anemone, typically having a columnar body with the mouth uppermost surrounded by a ring of tentacles. In some species, polyps are a phase in the life cycle that alternates with a medusoid phase. Compare with medusa.
Example sentences
  • A few, such as Hydra, are solitary polyps that lack a medusoid stage.
  • Most hydrozoans alternate between a polyp and a medusa stage - they spend part of their lives as ‘jellyfish’ which are hard to distinguish from scyphozoan jellyfish.
  • Instead, many used a scenario approach to conclude that solitary sessile polyps represent the ancestral cnidarian form.
2 Medicine A small growth, typically benign and with a stalk, protruding from a mucous membrane.
Example sentences
  • The laser can also provide relief for symptoms caused by benign airway tumors such as hamartomas, papillomas, polyps, and angiomas.
  • What's more, most tumors start out as polyps, or benign growths, in the colon.
  • Screening for and removal of colorectal cancer and precancerous adenomatous polyps can decrease the incidence of colon disease.

Origin

late Middle English (sense 2): from Old French polipe, from Latin polypus (see polypus). sense 1 dates from the mid 18th century.

Derivatives

polypous

1
Pronunciation: /ˈpäləpəs/
adjective
sense 2.
Example sentences
  • This constraint of cell proliferation to the border was also obtained even for polypous carcinomas.
  • Experience in observation and treatment of 193 patients with polypous lesions of the gallbladder (PLGB) was analyzed.

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