There are 2 definitions of pretension in English:

pretension1

Syllabification: pre·ten·sion
Pronunciation: /priˈtenCHən
 
/

noun

  • 1 (pretension to) A claim or the assertion of a claim to something: their pretensions to culture we cannot tolerate pretension to infallibility
    More example sentences
    • Another reaction to our new scientific powers is what I will call the Malthusian Pretension - that is, the pretension to the ability to predict mankind's limitations.
    • Intelligence's pretension to being objective is a hoax because those parts of it that do not reconfirm the power structure's interests and predetermined policies are ignored and discarded.
    • As a result, the pretension to universality is all the more justified as researchers find themselves working in decontextualized and highly formalized fields.
    Synonyms
    aspiration, claim, assertion, pretense, profession
  • 1.1 (often pretensions) An aspiration or claim to a certain status or quality: another aging rocker with literary pretensions
    More example sentences
    • Maybe I'll throw my literary pretensions out of the window for a while and try hurling a few oddly-shaped shards of prose in your direction.
    • Preferably female and extremely annoying, with literary pretensions.
    • The important thing is that no one with literary pretensions should be allowed near the project!

Origin

late Middle English: from medieval Latin praetensio(n-), from praetens- 'alleged', from the verb praetendere (see pretend).

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Word of the day coloratura
Pronunciation: ˌkɒlərəˈtjʊərə
noun
elaborate ornamentation of a vocal melody

There are 2 definitions of pretension in English:

pretension2

Syllabification: pre·ten·sion
Pronunciation: /prēˈtenCHən
 
/

verb

[with object]
  • 1Apply tension to (an object) before some other process or event: the safety system pretensions the seat belts
    More example sentences
    • The Musso also has ABS brakes, traction control, driver's side airbag, pre-tensioned safety belts and side impact protection bars.
    • Mercedes has a similar system on the S-Class called ‘Pre-Safe’ that pre-tensions the seatbelts, adjusts the seats to their optimal crash position if necessary, and closes the sunroof should the vehicle skid.
    • If the sensor net determined that a collision was imminent, the system could brake the vehicle, pre-charge the airbags, pre-tension the seatbelts, and plot a path to impact that would result in the least likelihood of injury or death.
  • 1.1Strengthen (reinforced concrete) by applying tension to the reinforcing rods before the concrete has set.
    More example sentences
    • Concrete can be prestressed in a factory by tensioning the steel reinforcement first and then placing concrete around it - ‘pre-tensioned’ reinforcement.
    • Dowel bars are similar steel bars installed across joints to provide resistance to shear, but are not pre-tensioned.
    • Effectively an evolution of the familiar DSC traction control system, DSC + offers a range of benefits, including brake standby that pre-tensions the brakes when the driver quickly removes the pressure from the accelerator pedal.

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