Definition of primary qualities in English:

primary qualities

Syllabification: pri·ma·ry qual·i·ties

noun

Philosophy
  • 1Properties or qualities, such as size, motion, shape, number, etc., belonging to physical matter independently of an observer.
    More example sentences
    • Galileo, Descartes, and Newton had accepted the distinction between primary and secondary qualities, and had suggested that extension, position, and motion were primary qualities.
    • On the other hand an apple is a primary object, or object of mathematics, when we consider only its primary qualities of shape and singularity (quantity).
    • Moreover, primary qualities are never perceived except in conjunction with secondary qualities.
  • 1.1The four original qualities of matter (hot, cold, wet, and dry) recognized by Aristotle, from which other qualities were held to derive.
    More example sentences
    • A central component of the humoral theory of the body, temperament (‘crasis’ in Greek) denoted the particular balance of the four primary qualities - hot, wet, cold, and dry - characteristic of a given individual in a healthy condition.
    • At about the same time, four primary qualities were defined - hot and cold, wet and dry - which also made up a tetrad of opposites, as did the four blood types of Aristotle and the four humours of Hippocrates.
    • Given the fundamental or "primary" qualities, which come in two pairs of opposites, viz., hot/cold and moist/dry, there are four elements out of which all minerals are composed, each having its own set proportion of elements; and from the minerals all other corporeal entities in general are formed.

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a slit made by cutting with a saw