There are 2 definitions of prime in English:

prime1

Syllabification: prime
Pronunciation: /prīm
 
/

adjective

1Of first importance; main: her prime concern is the well-being of the patient
More example sentences
  • He said that for people trying to get away from a life of drugs, having a roof over their heads was of prime importance.
  • One of the prime characteristics of the U.S. upper class is its high level of organization.
  • The productivity of agriculture depends upon the relative scarcity of the two prime factors of production: land and labor.
Synonyms
1.1From which another thing may derive or proceed: Diogenes' conclusion that air is the prime matter
More example sentences
  • The goat's horn thus stands as a representation of the elemental energies of the earth, the prime matter from which the alchemical process begins its quest for the transformation of gold.
  • If a facility uses a generator for prime power, it would derive most, if not all, of its electricity from its on-site power systems.
  • Paris was not the site of the world's first prime meridian.
2 [attributive] Of the best possible quality; excellent: a prime site in the center of Indianapolis prime cuts of meat
More example sentences
  • He said that he knew it was a prime site and an excellent location and the sale reflected confidence in the city as a location for development.
  • For the main course, the choice of a prime cut of red meat gave the meal a high status and, for dessert, the homely comfort of stewed fruit was made special with the addition of port.
  • For meat lovers there were wonderful cuts of prime beef, pork and lamb, rare breed sausages and a whole range of game products.
Synonyms
2.1Having all the expected or typical characteristics of something: the novel is a prime example of the genre
More example sentences
  • This is a prime example of falling standards in public services.
  • The three works on this disc are prime examples of Viennese Classicism at its best.
  • For many, intimacy is a prime characteristic of chamber music and the Old Laundry provides that cosy and friendly feel for musicians and audience alike.
Synonyms
archetypal, prototypical, typical, classic, excellent, characteristic, quintessential
2.2Most suitable or likely: it’s the prime contender for best comedy of the year
More example sentences
  • So, now living in a house, first floor only, I could likely be a prime target for any kind of scaries and psychos to walk in and get me.
  • Later, when it seems as if Matt is likely to emerge the prime suspect in a double homicide, there is the real possibility of generating some suspense as he strives to cover his tracks.
  • The doctor suspects an embolism (she was a prime candidate).
3 Mathematics (Of a number) evenly divisible only by itself and one (e.g., 2, 3, 5, 7, 11).
More example sentences
  • Both 13 and 17 are prime numbers, divisible only by themselves and 1.
  • The rest of the factors are each power of two times that prime number.
  • Every positive integer can be factored into the product of prime numbers, and there's only one way to do it for every number.
3.1 [predicative] (Of two or more numbers in relation to each other) having no common factor but one.
More example sentences
  • Two numbers that have no common factors are called relatively prime (to each other).
  • F and F are relatively prime.

noun

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1 [in singular] A state or time of greatest strength, vigor, or success in a person’s life: you’re in the prime of life he wasn’t elderly, but clearly past his prime
More example sentences
  • Although I'm the same age as Kylie I'm well past the prime of my looks.
  • Here was a father who lost not one but two children in quick succession, in the prime of their lives.
  • Veer-Zaara is running to packed houses and you have several women and youngsters applauding the love one man shows for the woman he met briefly in the prime of his youth.
Synonyms
heyday, best days, best years, prime of one's life; youth, salad days; peak, pinnacle, zenith
1.1 archaic The beginning or first period of something: the prime of the world
More example sentences
  • To this end we see how quickly sundry arts mechanical were found out, in the very prime of the world.
  • It told of desolate, regretted things befallen happy cities long since in the prime of the world.
2 Christian Church A service forming part of the Divine Office, traditionally said (or chanted) at the first hour of the day (i.e., 6 a.m.), but now little used.
3A prime number.
More example sentences
  • These are the Fibonacci numbers that are primes.
  • In his thesis Heilbronn also applied his result to primes in an arithmetic progression and to estimates of the sum of the Möbius function.
  • You can also look for sequences of consecutive primes in arithmetic progression.
4 Printing A symbol (ʹ) written after a letter or symbol as a distinguishing mark or after a figure as a symbol for minutes or feet.
More example sentences
  • In fact, the elimination of semantic priming by letter search of the prime is ambiguous with regard to lexical activation.
  • Stolz and Besner also found no significant semantic priming following letter search on the prime in the same experiment.
  • By mixing the languages randomly across trials, we ensured that participants could not anticipate the position of the first letters of the prime.
5 Fencing The first of eight standard parrying positions.
[French]
More example sentences
  • The parry of prime which was effectual enough when a heavy cut was to be stopped was too slow and cumbrous to keep pace with the nimbler thrust.
  • The first parry (usually called the Prime) Is a very useful tool.
  • If the opponent flèches a lot, learn to deal with this by making a quick parry of prime and riposte to the lower target - particularly right handed-left handed or left-right.
6 short for prime rate.

Origin

Old English prīm (sense 2 of the noun), from Latin prima (hora) 'first (hour)', reinforced in Middle English by Old French prime; the adjective dates from late Middle English, via Old French from Latin primus 'first'.

Derivatives

primeness

noun
More example sentences
  • A concept of cropland primeness is advanced and means suggested for its computation, its display in maps, and its interpretation.
  • It could be hoped that this Fermat test would give an if and only if test for primeness.

Definition of prime in:

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Word of the day fioritura
Pronunciation: fɪˌɔːrɪˈt(j)ʊərə
noun
an embellishment of a melody...

There are 2 definitions of prime in English:

prime2

Syllabification: prime
Pronunciation: /prīm
 
/

verb

[with object]
1Make (something) ready for use or action, in particular.
1.1Prepare (a firearm or explosive device) for firing or detonation.
More example sentences
  • He opened one of the Reiven's cargo units and reloaded and replaced his two pistols, strapped on a bandolier of explosives and loaded and primed a rifle.
  • Within minutes he found a cache which included AK47 assault rifles, a pistol, six primed grenades, grenade fuses, ammunition, cash, drugs and literature.
  • Before priming a grenade, check that the fuse holder is clean and free from obstruction.
Synonyms
prepare, load, get ready
1.2Cover (a surface) with a preparatory coat of paint in order to prevent the absorption of subsequent layers of paint.
More example sentences
  • Water repellent preservatives may also be used as a treatment for bare wood before priming and painting or in areas where old paint has peeled, exposing bare wood.
  • In the future you need to keep that trim primed and painted.
  • After popping out the old seat, we sanded, primed, and painted the chair.
1.3Pour or spray liquid into (a pump) before starting in order to seal the moving parts and facilitate its operation.
More example sentences
  • During CPB surgery, the CPB pump must be primed with crystalloid solutions to provide an air-free circuit.
  • If your pharmacist assembled the unit for you, check to see if it has already been primed by pumping the unit once.
  • The pump's valve is put into the well and then its cylinder primed with water to start the process.
1.4Inject extra fuel into (the cylinder or carburetor of an internal combustion engine) in order to facilitate starting.
More example sentences
  • After you have primed the carburetor, move the choke to the closed position which is going to seal off the carb throat to enrich the fuel/ air mixture in the first couple of piston fuel compression cycles.
  • We cleared it off, pumped up the tires, put in a battery, primed the carburetor, and drove it away...what a machine!
1.5 [no object] (Of a steam engine or its boiler) mix water with the steam being passed into the cylinder.
More example sentences
  • The boiler's metal to water heat exchange surfaces become coated with oil and uneven heat transfer and a violent surging of boiler water (called priming) may occur in extreme conditions.
  • Priming, which is the carry over of boiler water to the cylinders, is likely to occur when the TDS levels are high making the water more unstable and is more likely to occur running with a high water level, and a heavy steam demand allowing the water to easily be carried over.
1.6 Biochemistry Serve as a starting material for (a polymerization process).
More example sentences
  • To address the foregoing question, we applied the arbitrary primed polymerase chain reaction technique.
2Prepare (someone) for a situation or task, typically by supplying them with relevant information: [with object and infinitive]: the sentries had been primed to admit him without challenge
More example sentences
  • Kathy was primed with the information and rang.
  • Lacklustre reviews had primed me for disappointment with this one, and perhaps that's why, as I turned each page, my delight and fascination grew.
  • I couldn't help but feel he was priming me so I'd say all the right things and sell it on his behalf if he should send anyone around for a look.
Synonyms
brief, fill in, prepare, put in the picture, inform, advise, instruct, coach, drill
informal clue in, give someone the lowdown

Origin

early 16th century (in the sense 'fill, load'): origin uncertain; probably based on Latin primus 'first', since the sense expressed is a “first” operation before something else.

Phrases

prime the pump

Stimulate or support the growth or success of something by supplying it with money: capital from overseas that helps prime the US economic pump
More example sentences
  • ‘We are using public-benefit funds to prime the pump, but if this product is a success, then hopefully we will get all our money back and then some,’ he says.
  • Yet the current government, overzealous to prime the pump, seems unable to resist the temptation to interfere in credit assessments, prodding state banks to lend to particular projects or businesses it accords high priority.
  • MHI needs an editorial team for an online newspaper targeting teenagers and is offering Sony Mini Disc Recorders to prime the pump in a contest closing on June 25, 2004.

Definition of prime in: