There are 3 definitions of prop in English:

prop1

Syllabification: prop
Pronunciation: /präp
 
/

noun

  • 1A pole or beam used as a support or to keep something in position, typically one that is not an integral part of the thing supported: 300 tubular steel props
    More example sentences
    • I've still got the props up supporting the house.
    • The entire structure is supported with conventional props and crossbeams.
    • Creating an intense heat and light that at once attracts and repels, the hand leans backwards, resting on a prop not unlike the beams used to construct roofs of houses.
    Synonyms
  • 1.1A person or thing that is a major source of support or assistance: the second institutional prop of conservative Spain was the army
    More example sentences
    • In a research note, HSBC said a slowing housing market will remove a major prop to consumer spending and weaken the economy.
    • Liquor was a major prop of the colonial government, which consciously fashioned customs duties to extract the maximum revenue from the trade.
    • A major prop for the dollar has long been the simple fact that oil is priced in dollars.
    Synonyms
    mainstay, pillar, anchor, backbone, support, foundation, cornerstone
  • 1.2 Grammar A word used to fill a syntactic role without any specific meaning of its own, for example one in it’s a nice one and it in it is raining.

verb (props, propping, propped)

[with object] Back to top  
  • 1Position something underneath (someone or something) for support: she propped her chin in the palm of her right hand
    More example sentences
    • Her back failed to support her even propped by overstuffed cushions and she slumped, weakness overtaking her.
    • I had forced myself to a half-sitting position, propping myself on my un-injured arm, when the pieces clicked.
    • Readjusting his position, he propped himself against the log, his whole body relaxing.
    Synonyms
    hold up, shore up, bolster up, buttress, support, brace, underpin
  • 1.1Position (something or someone) more or less upright by leaning it against something else: a jug of milk with a note propped against it she propped the picture up on the mantlepiece
    More example sentences
    • He leaned back on one foot and propped his bayonet against the wall.
    • Vice propped his bass on the stand and sprinted to the house next door.
    • She propped the note on the night stand next to Russell's side of the mattress and returned to the door to gaze out.
    Synonyms
    lean, rest, stand, balance, steady
  • 1.2Use an object to keep (something) in position: he found that the door to the office was propped open
    More example sentences
    • Any office cooled to a temperature lower than 25C or any shop that leaves its door propped open could be fined.
    • It was propped open, revealing a slice of tiled floor and fluorescent light.
    • Sanura's door was propped open, as it always was, so Rebecca went straight to the illuminated room.

Phrasal verbs

prop someone/something up

Provide support or assistance for someone or something that would otherwise fail or decline: foreign aid tends to prop up incompetent governments

Origin

late Middle English: probably from Middle Dutch proppe 'support (for vines)'.

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Word of the day maelstrom
Pronunciation: ˈmeɪlstrəm
noun
a powerful whirlpool in the sea

There are 3 definitions of prop in English:

prop2

Syllabification: prop
Pronunciation: /
 
präp/

noun

(usually props)
  • A portable object other than furniture or costumes used on the set of a play or movie.
    More example sentences
    • The pair's ambition is to make their living producing scenery, costumes and props for museums, theatres, themed bars, film and television.
    • It involved actors and local children who had attended workshops beforehand to produce props and costumes.
    • Anita's visual interpretation using excellent lights, costumes and props makes this production an enriching experience.

Origin

mid 19th century: abbreviation of property.

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There are 3 definitions of prop in English:

prop3

Syllabification: prop
Pronunciation: /
 
präp/

noun

informal
  • An aircraft propeller.
    More example sentences
    • The engine went to Sam Thompson, the prop to California Propeller and parts to other contractors.
    • In a turboprop aircraft, putting the props in the beta position creates an extraordinary speed brake.
    • Most of the aircraft have no logbooks, have run-out engines and props, and need a lot of work.

Origin

early 20th century: abbreviation.

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