Definition of psoas in English:

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Pronunciation: /ˈsōəs/
(also psoas major)


Each of a pair of large muscles that run from the lumbar spine through the groin on either side and, with the iliacus, flex the hip. A second muscle, the psoas minor, has a similar action but is often absent.
Example sentences
  • The internal iliac artery (ie, hypogastric) enters the pelvis and supplies the psoas major and quadratus lumborum muscles, the pelvic viscera, and parts of the bony pelvis.
  • The psoas and iliacus muscles are occasionally completely independent muscles.
  • Another group of muscles of the pelvic girdle act to flex the hip, and include the psoas, the iliacus, a combination of the two called the iliopsoas, the pectineus, and the sartorius muscles.


Late 17th century: from Greek, accusative plural of psoa, interpreted as singular.

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