There are 3 definitions of ray in English:

ray1

Syllabification: ray

noun

  • 1Each of the lines in which light (and heat) may seem to stream from the sun or any luminous body, or pass through a small opening: a ray of sunlight came through the window
    More example sentences
    • A Camera Obscura is when an inverted image is created by rays of light passing through a pinhole into a dark space.
    • Light rays pass through the cornea and the lens and focus on the retina.
    • I can't move, I'm so enraptured by the way the last luminous rays of light dance over his glowing skin.
    Synonyms
    beam, shaft, streak, stream
  • 1.1The straight line in which light or other electromagnetic radiation travels to a given point.
    More example sentences
    • This was the approach of geometrical optics, which treated light as moving in straight line rays which were reflected or refracted according to simple rules.
    • The easiest way to describe light rays and light cones is through geometric optics.
    • Mirrors, spherical or otherwise, operate on the principle that the angle of reflection of a ray of light equals the angle at which it strikes the mirror's surface.
  • 1.2 [with adjective] (rays) A specified form of nonluminous radiation: water reflects and intensifies UV rays
    More example sentences
    • But even more important is that it absorbs carcinogenic ultra-violet rays and electromagnetic radiation.
    • A whole day of radiation of ultraviolet rays even kills the most resistant of germs.
    • Look for one that promises to shield you from a broad spectrum of ultraviolet rays.
  • 1.3 Mathematics Any of a set of straight lines passing through one point.
    More example sentences
    • All coding elements redirect light so that no ray, besides the on-axis ray, travels toward the traditional geometric focus point.
    • It is always wise to make a sketch of the system, including the ray bundles for the on-axis and off-axis imagery.
  • 1.4 (rays) • informal , chiefly North American Sunlight considered in the context of sunbathing: Sarah’s catching some rays on a beach in Cruz Bay
    More example sentences
    • Find out about the villa's position and orientation so you know that you do not have go to the beach in order to catch some rays.
    • Midmountain, Sunshine Grill's deck lets you catch some rays over a burger or chili.
    • Two researchers specializing in the psychology of health say they've found a more productive way to wean sun worshipers from catching some rays.
  • 1.5An initial or slight indication of a positive or welcome quality in a time of difficulty or trouble: if only I could see some ray of hope
    More example sentences
    • Most of all I feel really needed all of a sudden; I feel I can bring a slight ray of hope and variety to this ever more depressing world.
    • The commissioners comment, ‘This witness was a fresh and welcome ray of hope for the Tribunal.’
    • Although the concrete result of the proposal has yet to be seen, it nevertheless sparks a ray of hope for a peaceful solution in the troubled region.
    Synonyms
    glimmer, flicker, spark, hint, suggestion, sign
  • 2A thing that is arranged radially, in particular.
    More example sentences
    • Traces of thorns can be observed on the surface of the distal part of all rays.
    • All rays of the outwardly placed spicules are well developed.
    • In green swordtails, the sword consists of a set of ventral fin rays that extend posteriorly beyond the caudal fin margin.
  • 2.1 Botany (In a composite flower head of the daisy family) an array of ray florets arranged radially around the central disc, forming the white part of the flower head of a daisy.
    More example sentences
    • Parenchyma rays occur throughout the xylem and phloem cells.
    • In the vascular tissue of woody species, parenchyma cells include those in phloem, and the ray cells and axial parenchyma cells in xylem.
    • The resin canal itself was excluded from fusiform rays.
  • 2.2 (also fin ray) Zoology Each of the long, slender bony protuberances supporting the fins of most bony fishes.
    More example sentences
    • Two to three scales bear a pore behind the inversion line until the lateral line ends at a caudal fin ray.
    • The pelvic fin usually consists of a spine on each side and one fin ray.
    • One of the most prominent characteristics of early vertebrates is the elongate caudal fin bearing fin rays.
  • 2.3 Zoology Each radial arm of a starfish.
    More example sentences
    • The sequence and pattern of development of supernumerary rays differs among multiradiate starfish.

verb

[no object] Back to top  
  • 1Spread from or as if from a central point: delicate lines rayed out at each corner of her eyes
    More example sentences
    • So he went to where a single blackthorn limb spired above a briary thicket, rayed with fine spikes.
    • The battleships ray out over the North Sea, keeping their stations accurately apart.
  • 1.1 [with object] literary Radiate (light): the sun rays forth its natural light into the air

Phrases

ray of sunshine

informal A person or thing that brings happiness into the lives of others.
More example sentences
  • Scottish fiction, for all its manifest and manifold qualities, is not blessed with many rays of sunshine.
  • As P G Wodehouse famously commented in Blandings Castle: ‘It is never difficult to distinguish between a Scotsman with a grievance and a ray of sunshine.’
  • Cathy said: ‘Shannon was a little star and our little ray of sunshine.’

Derivatives

rayless

adjective
(chiefly Botany )
More example sentences
  • Senecio jacobaea exhibits geographic variation in the frequency of rayed and discoid (rayless) individuals.
  • The rayless clouds dimmed, the darkening sky loomed above.
  • Within the tomb no veiled and weeping sorrow sits, and in the rayless gloom is crouched no shuddering fear.

Origin

Middle English: from Old French rai, based on Latin radius 'spoke, ray'. The verb dates from the late 16th century.

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Word of the day grotesquerie
Pronunciation: grəʊˈtɛskəri
noun
grotesque quality or grotesque things collectively

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There are 3 definitions of ray in English:

ray2

Syllabification: ray

noun

  • A broad, flat marine or freshwater fish with a cartilaginous skeleton, winglike pectoral fins, and a long slender tail. Many rays have venomous spines or electric organs.
    • Order Batiformes: several families, including Rajidae (the skates)
    More example sentences
    • Participants will dive amidst one of Europe's largest collection of sharks, as well as 2000 other fish, rays and conger eels.
    • The freshwater sawfish, a ray, is related to stingrays, skates, sharks, and other fishes with cartilaginous skeletons.
    • Whale sharks, manta rays and even grey whales are almost common.

Origin

Middle English: from Old French raie, from Latin raia.

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There are 3 definitions of ray in English:

ray3

Line breaks: ray

Entry from British & World English dictionary

(also re)

noun

Music
  • 1(In tonic sol-fa) the second note of a major scale.
  • 1.1The note D in the fixed-doh system.

Origin

Middle English re, representing (as an arbitrary name for the note) the first syllable of resonare, taken from a Latin hymn (see solmization).

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