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verb [with object]
1make smaller or less in amount, degree, or size:the need for businesses to reduce costs the workforce has been reduced to some 6,100 (as adjective reduced)a reduced risk of coronary disease [no object] become smaller or less in size, amount, or degree:the number of priority homeless cases has reduced slightly boil (a sauce or other liquid) in cooking so that it becomes thicker and more concentrated. [no object]
chiefly North American (of a person) lose weight, typically by dieting:by May she had reduced to 125 pounds
archaic conquer (a place), in particular besiege and capture (a town or fortress). Photography make (a negative or print) less dense. Phonetics articulate (a speech sound) in a way requiring less muscular effort. In vowels, this gives rise to a more central articulatory position. 2
(reduce someone/something to
) bring someone or something to (a lower or weaker state, condition, or role):she has been reduced to near poverty the church was reduced to rubble
(be reduced to doing something
) (of a person) be forced by difficult circumstances into doing something desperate:ordinary soldiers are reduced to begging
make someone helpless with (an expression of emotion, especially with hurt, shock, or amusement):Olga was reduced to stunned silence force into (obedience or submission):he succeeds in reducing his grandees to due obedience
(reduce something to
) change a substance to (a different or more basic form):it is difficult to understand how lava could have been reduced to dust
present a problem or subject in (a simplified form):he reduces unimaginable statistics to manageable proportions convert a fraction to (the form with the lowest terms). 4 Chemistry cause to combine chemically with hydrogen. undergo or cause to undergo a reaction in which electrons are gained by one atom from another. The opposite of oxidize.
5restore (a dislocated part) to its proper position by manipulation or surgery. remedy (a dislocation) by manipulation or surgery.