There are 2 definitions of refuse in English:

refuse1

Syllabification: ref·use
Pronunciation: /riˈfyo͞oz
 
/

verb

[no object]
  • 1Indicate or show that one is not willing to do something: I refused to answer he was severely beaten when he refused
    More example sentences
    • Both are intense competitors who refuse to concede defeat.
    • McCarthy yesterday refused to indicate who will figure in his team selection even though he confirmed he had settled on a team in his own mind.
    • Aides to the reclusive cleric, however, have indicated that he will refuse to back a specific party in the December vote.
  • 1.1 [with object] Indicate that one is not willing to accept or grant (something offered or requested): she refused a cigarette [with two objects]: the old lady was refused admission to four hospitals
    More example sentences
    • On 18 February 2000 the Tribunal refused the applicant's request for a visa.
    • The Heritage Lottery viewed the park at the council's request but refused a grant as it considered there were sufficient existing facilities.
    • The SPCA, he notes, refuses any request to adopt an animal intended for the purposes of attack or defence.
    Synonyms
    decline, turn down, say no to; reject, spurn, rebuff, dismiss; send one's regrets
    informal pass up
    withhold, deny, refuse to grant
    informal give thumbs down to
  • 1.2 informal (Of a thing) fail to perform a required action: the car refused to start
    More example sentences
    • After all, you wouldn't expect to buy a new car, pay extra for reinforced bumpers, and then find your petrol tank supplying other cars with fuel, or your engine refusing to work.
    • Occasionally a car stuck in the middle of a traffic channel refuses to budge when the light changes.
    • The dialogueless scenario refuses to jell, and is performed by Bebe Neuwirth somewhat unconvincingly, except when she slinkily dances.
  • 1.3 [with object] Decline to accept an offer of marriage from (someone): he’s so conceited he’d never believe anyone would refuse him
    More example sentences
    • She didn't tell anyone and still refused Jim, telling him that she still needed time.
    • He twice proposed marriage to Maud Gonne, and when she refused him he transferred his affections to her teenage daughter.
  • 1.4 [with object] (Of a horse) stop short or run alongside (a fence or other obstacle) instead of jumping it.
    More example sentences
    • Reeve, a keen sportsman, said his mind wandered and his horse refused a simple fence.
    • Twenty points are awarded if the horse refuses to jump an obstacle, a second refusal at the same fence costs 40 points and a third means elimination.
    • The trial judge said that refusing the fence was inconceivable and Justice Meagher said that that finding was truly extraordinary.

Derivatives

refuser

noun
More example sentences
  • She doesn't want to marry him either, so she has him play the role of the refuser.
  • All who are refused entry can attempt to take civil action against the refuser; in reality none do.
  • This means reverting to studies using treatment refusers or comparing pharmacological treatments and nonpharmacological treatments as a way of dealing with this dilemma.

Origin

Middle English: from Old French refuser, probably an alteration of Latin recusare 'to refuse', influenced by refutare 'refute'.

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Word of the day kerf
Pronunciation: kəːf
noun
a slit made by cutting with a saw

There are 2 definitions of refuse in English:

refuse2

Syllabification: ref·use
Pronunciation: /ˈrefˌyo͞os, -ˌyo͞oz
 
/

noun

  • Matter thrown away or rejected as worthless; trash: heaps of refuse refuse collection
    More example sentences
    • I would ask the council to immediately reinstate weekly refuse collections of non-recyclable rubbish and to provide recycling boxes that are designed to avoid the present problems.
    • The bill does not include the cost of domestic and business refuse collections.
    • The skip containers will be used mainly for garden refuse and rubbish which does not generally fit in the normal green drums.
    Synonyms

Origin

late Middle English: perhaps from Old French refusé 'refused', past participle of refuser (see refuse1).

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