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resist

Syllabification: re·sist
Pronunciation: /rəˈzist
 
/

Definition of resist in English:

verb

[with object]
1Withstand the action or effect of: antibodies help us to resist infection
More example sentences
  • Gyroscopes create their own force through spinning, thereby resisting the effects of gravity.
  • It strengthens the lungs to resist the effects of sudden changes in the air, and it healthfully braces and invigorates the chest.
  • Some have acquired an armoury of genes which help them attach to cells, invade and damage tissue, colonise hosts, evade the immune system, and resist the effects of antibiotics.
Synonyms
withstand, be proof against, combat, weather, endure, be resistant to, keep out
1.1Try to prevent by action or argument: we will continue to resist changes to the treaty
More example sentences
  • In fact, if that's the motive of the government, them I think we've just identified the best argument for resisting the abolition of jury trials for fraud.
  • Posters carrying the message ‘Prevent torture, resist torture and help victims of torture’ will be circulated.
  • Such an argument resists many of the typical counter-arguments directed at potentiality as an ethical consideration in the abortion debate.
Synonyms
oppose, fight against, refuse to accept, object to, defy, set one's face against, kick against;
obstruct, impede, hinder, block, thwart, frustrate
1.2Succeed in ignoring the attraction of (something wrong or unwise): she resisted his advances I couldn’t resist buying the blouse
More example sentences
  • There aren't many who could resist the tempting creations and I thought it was only correct to sample the goodies.
  • Those who are growing old may be unwise to try to resist these pressures.
  • The girl gritted her teeth distastefully and resisted the tempting urge to spit at the man.
Synonyms
refrain from, abstain from, forbear from, desist from, not give in to, restrain oneself from, stop oneself from
love, adore, relish, have a weakness for, be very keen on, like, delight in, enjoy, take great pleasure in
informal be mad about, get a kick/thrill out of, cannot help wanting
1.3 [no object] Struggle against someone or something: without giving her time to resist, he dragged her off her feet
More example sentences
  • Incredibly, the woman resisted and there was struggle between the two before the robber kneed the victim hard in the stomach and ripped the bag from her grasp.
  • She didn't resist, but a fight ensued as other spectators intervened.
  • Living together creates the illusion of having found adequate shelter and a feigned ability to resist in case of attack.
Synonyms
struggle with/against, fight (against), stand up to, withstand, hold off;
fend off, ward off

noun

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A resistant substance applied as a coating to protect a surface during some process, for example to prevent dye or glaze adhering.
Example sentences
  • Make sure to clean the surface well and remove all petroleum jelly as this will act as a resist for any glaze, antiquing pigment or varnish you try to apply after using this technique.
  • Wax is most commonly used in ceramics to form a resist where one does not want glaze.
  • The screen or mesh area is covered with a resist, such as wax, which plugs or blocks all of the screen openings, except in the area of the design image.

Origin

late Middle English: from Old French resister or Latin resistere, from re- (expressing opposition) + sistere 'stop' (reduplication of stare 'to stand'). The current sense of the noun dates from the mid 19th century.

Derivatives

resister

1
noun
Example sentences
  • But by April, the resisters also changed tactic.
  • As the deadline looms, federal officials insist they'll do all they can to avert a showdown with the resisters, saying no one will be evicted without a court hearing.
  • The group has been holding events in the city annually but says that for the 60th anniversary commemoration all next week the emphasis will be on survivors, resisters and rebuilding.

resistible

2
adjective
Example sentences
  • The amateurish performances, ham-fisted dramatics and video nasty violence are a completely resistible combination.
  • Even projects involving her husband have been resistible.
  • In any case, it is impossible to verify empirically whether an impulse is resistible.

resistibility

3
Pronunciation: /riˌzistəˈbilətē/
noun
Example sentences
  • These additives were added either to enhance the hardness of the grout mixture or increase the resistibility to leaching.
  • The present invention relates to a method of enhancing resistibility of crop plants against bacterial and/or fungal diseases.
  • Designers and test houses are presented with increased resistibility levels and testing complexity from these new equipment recommendations.

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