Definition of retrovirus in English:

Share this entry

retrovirus

Pronunciation: /ˈretrōˌvīrəs/

noun

Biology
Any of a group of RNA viruses that insert a DNA copy of their genome into the host cell in order to replicate, e.g., HIV.
Example sentences
  • As a vehicle for gene therapy, the retrovirus is modified so that it cannot produce infectious virus after entering the cell.
  • Thus far, adenoviruses and retroviruses are the two families of viruses that have been used in the majority of clinical trials.
  • All retroviruses are similar, and our genome is full of dormant retroviruses - over 2 percent of the genome is retroviral.

Origin

1970s: modern Latin, from the initial letters of reverse transcriptase + virus.

Share this entry
 

What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.