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Sometimes the root may be a word in its own right, like stand, but often, like spir, it is not. (But the root spir, which is Latin in origin, occurs in other words such as aspired, transpiration, and expire.)
- short for square root.
late Old English rōt, from Old Norse rót; related to Latin radix, also to wort
What is left when you remove all prefixes and suffixes from a word:
|word||prefixes and suffixes||root|
|misunderstanding||mis-, -under-, -ing||stand|
|inspirational||in-, -ation-, -al||spir|