Definition of run in English:

run

Syllabification: run
Pronunciation: /rən
 
/

verb (runs, running; past ran /ran/; past participle run)

1 [no object] Move at a speed faster than a walk, never having both or all the feet on the ground at the same time: the dog ran across the road she ran the last few yards, breathing heavily he hasn’t paid for his drinks—run and catch him
More example sentences
  • He rushed downstairs in his bare feet and ran outside on to the snowy street.
  • Jobs used to be more physical and kids walked to school and ran about outside rather than playing on computers.
  • The way the cars are parked, there's only inches either side of you and you're worrying in case a child or a dog comes running out from between the cars.
Synonyms
sprint, race, dart, rush, dash, hasten, hurry, scurry, scamper, bolt, fly, gallop, career, charge, shoot, hurtle, speed, zoom, go like lightning, go hell-bent for leather, go like the wind, go like a bat out of hell;
jog, trot
informal tear, pelt, scoot, hotfoot it, leg it, belt, zip, whip, bomb, hightail it, barrel
1.1Run as a sport or for exercise: I run every morning
More example sentences
  • John was also a keen judo exponent but he injured his knee and could not keep fit by running.
  • All of Campbell's children are involved in sport and it was they who persuaded him to start running while on holiday three years ago.
  • Boxers normally exercise, run and spend hours in the sauna to lose weight.
1.2(Of an athlete or a racehorse) compete in a race: she ran in the 200 meters [with object]: Dave has run 42 marathons
More example sentences
  • The British athlete ran a personal best to win the 400m and gain a one point lead over his rivals.
  • Athletes must run three of the four races to qualify for overall prize.
  • Spanish athlete Morta Dominguez ran superbly to take the silver ahead of Ethiopia's Ayelech Worko who won the bronze.
Synonyms
compete, take part, participate
1.3 [with object] Enter (a racehorse) for a race.
More example sentences
  • Willie Mullins runs Rule Supreme in today's Ladbrokes' World Hurdle, but has also left him in the Gold Cup.
  • Dermot Weld has won the race five times, most recently with Refuse To Bend two years ago, and he runs Elusive Double in the same colours.
  • Any trainer who wants to run a horse in any race must log that entry with Weatherbys.
1.4 Baseball (Of a batter or base runner) attempt to advance to the next base.
More example sentences
  • Lineker and Cooper held the run rate to three per over, while the batsmen ran very well between the wickets, keeping pressure on the fielders.
  • The last ball of the over was hit in the air - the batsmen ran - the fielder dropped it!
  • He ran excellently between the wickets as well, especially in the last few overs.
1.5(Of hounds) chase or hunt their quarry.
1.6(Of a boat) sail directly before the wind, especially in bad weather.
More example sentences
  • The wind blew from the north and the ship ran swiftly before the wind.
1.7(Of a migratory fish) go upriver from the sea in order to spawn.
More example sentences
  • This means that when the fish are running (right now in May and June for instance) there is a heavy demand for guides.
  • Beats higher up the river are often more prolific this late in the season with fish running hard to the middle and upper stretches.
  • There are still fresh spring fish running, and the grilse are beginning to arrive in numbers, with a lot of small fish among them.
2 [no object] Move about in a hurried and hectic way: I’ve spent the whole day running around after the kids
More example sentences
  • The filming schedule was so hectic and she was running from shoot to shoot.
  • Most people seemed to be either arguing with each other over what to buy who, or frantically running round desperate to find things to buy.
  • The world is a dangerous enough place now without letting idiots run round with explosives.
2.1 (run to) Have rapid recourse to (someone) for support or help: don’t come running to me for a handout
More example sentences
  • They get into debt because they don't know how to handle their money and then go running to their parents for a hand-out.
  • You care about no-one but yourself so just go along and do what you think is best, but don't you dare come running to me when it backfires on you.
  • Don't come running to me when you're so hung over tomorrow you can't get out of bed.
3Pass or cause to pass quickly or smoothly in a particular direction: [no object]: the rumor ran through the pack of photographers [with object]: Helen ran her fingers through her hair
More example sentences
  • As he passed the bed, he ran his fingers along the silk embroidered bedspread.
  • Colin reached out a finger and ran it down her bare back.
  • He ran his finger down Amber's arm sending a chill down her spine.
Synonyms
go, pass, slide, move, travel
cast, pass, skim, flick
3.1Move or cause to move somewhere forcefully or with a particular result: [no object]: the tanker ran aground off the Aleutian Islands [with object]: a woman ran a stroller into the back of my legs
More example sentences
  • It was the Exxon Valdez which ran aground on the Alaskan coast in 1989 spilling 40 million litres of crude oil.
  • Scientists believe it ran aground on the estuary's treacherous sandbanks and capsized with 50 or 60 hands on deck.
  • The tanker ran aground on the eastern-most island in the Galpagos group.
3.2 [with object] informal Fail to stop at (a red traffic light).
More example sentences
  • Then one night two years ago, Aaron was driving one of their friends home from their house when a drunk driver ran a stop light and hit the car.
  • Two young men on a motorcycle were stopped for running a red light on Pattaya Central Road.
  • Some 220 of the fatal accidents were caused by people running red lights or stop signs.
3.3 [with object] chiefly North American Navigate (rapids or a waterfall) in a boat.
More example sentences
  • Ten boats, each manned by two skilled operators with up to eight passengers, can be hired to run the rapids.
  • In short, he has both the strength and skill to run any whitewater that's runnable.
  • The other trainees ran the rapid again and again; I pitched a tent and crawled into my sleeping bag.
3.4Extend or cause to extend in a particular direction: [no object]: cobbled streets run down to a tiny harbor [with object]: he ran a wire under the carpet
More example sentences
  • St James's Street runs uphill from Pall Mall and the Palace to Piccadilly.
  • Taxis will be diverted to Wigmore Street, which runs parallel to Oxford Street.
  • The last time I had been there, Church Street, which runs north and south, had been a broad and busy avenue.
Synonyms
extend, stretch, reach, continue
3.5 [no object] (run in) (Of a quality, trait, or condition) be common or inherent in members of (a particular family), especially over several generations: weight problems run in my family
More example sentences
  • Artistic ability runs in the family - in 1974 Sarah won the same competition.
  • If athletic prowess runs in the Stewart family, however, so does dedication.
  • Madeleine's mum Rowena says her daughter's love of books runs in the family.
Synonyms
be common in, be inherent in
3.6 [no object] Pass into or reach a specified state or level: inflation is running at 11 percent [with complement]: the decision ran counter to previous government commitments
More example sentences
  • Analysts said the stocks were settling to more sustainable levels after running too far ahead recently.
  • And that agenda runs entirely counter to what I feel a lot of Mainers think they're voting for when they vote for these people.
  • But this sentiment runs completely counter to the intent of the U.S. Constitution.
4(With reference to a liquid) flow or cause to flow: [no object, with adverbial of direction]: a small river runs into the sea at one side of the castle [with object]: she ran cold water into the sink
More example sentences
  • This is not like the tsunami, or normal floods, where the water runs back into the sea when it's done.
  • Cold water ran from the faucet as he washed his face in an attempt to wake up.
  • Even our garden is getting wet and there is nowhere for the water to run.
Synonyms
flow, pour, stream, gush, flood, cascade, roll, course, spill, trickle, drip, dribble, leak
4.1 [with object] Cause water to flow over (something): I ran my hands under the faucet
More example sentences
  • I marched over to the sink, turned on the lukewarm water and ran my arms under it.
  • If you run it under hot water you will also find that when you leave it to dry in the cutlery drainer it will dry off quicker and have fewer streaks.
  • I rip the lid off the bottle of shampoo and run it under the water to try and get the last drop out.
4.2 [with object] Fill (a bath) with water: [with two objects]: I’ll run you a nice hot bath
More example sentences
  • I wandered into the bathroom and began to run the bath, filling it with hot water.
  • Back in the sanctuary of my dimly-lit rooms I ran the bath, stripped off and sank into the water.
  • Giles said he was running a bath and it had almost overflowed.
4.3 (run with) Be covered or streaming with (a particular liquid): his face was running with sweat
More example sentences
  • Tin shanties litter the backyards of the more formal brick housing, rows of chemical toilets stand outside homes, and the untarred roads run with streams of filthy water.
  • For some two hours, we drove on rutted gravel running with rainwater.
  • He collapsed onto the bed, his face running with sweat.
4.4Emit or exude a liquid: she was weeping loudly, and her nose was running
More example sentences
  • About a half hour later, my nose started running.
  • A few minutes later, my nose is running, I'm sneezing and coughing, and there are sharp pains behind my eyes.
  • His head aches, he feels dizzy and nauseous, and his nose won't stop running.
4.5(Of a solid substance) melt and become fluid: it was so hot that the butter ran
More example sentences
  • Her black mascara was running and she knew she looked horrible.
4.6(Of the sea, the tide, or a river) rise higher or flow more quickly: there was still a heavy sea running
More example sentences
  • The base of the cliff is heavily undercut, so you certainly do not want to be here on a stormy day or when a full spring ebb tide is running.
  • If the tide is running, a large shoal of bib will probably be holding position here against the current that surges through beneath the wreck.
  • The bottom was barely visible in the gloom and there was a reasonable tide running.
4.7(Of dye or color in fabric or paper) dissolve and spread when the fabric or paper becomes wet: the red dye ran when the socks were washed
More example sentences
  • Their dye never ran, which is what made all their products sought after.
  • Dry-cleaning also prevents the common problem of the dye bleeding and running.
  • I thought that I had prewashed out all the excess dye but it ran anyway.
4.8chiefly North American (Of a stocking or pair of tights) develop a ravel.
5 [no object] (Of a bus, train, ferry, or other form of transportation) make a regular journey on a particular route: buses run into town every half hour
More example sentences
  • On New Year's Eve, normal buses stop running around 7pm and trains at around 8pm.
  • The bus runs between Erith town centre and Trafalgar Square.
  • Buses ran between Doncaster and Peterborough to reduce overcrowding on trains.
Synonyms
travel, go
5.1 [with object] Put (a particular form of public transportation) in service: the group is drawing up plans to run trains on key routes
More example sentences
  • A villager has criticised the rail service which runs trains to and from his rural community, claiming the transport needs of people living in the countryside are being ignored.
  • As well as the Manchester Airport services, it runs trains from Liverpool to Hull and Newcastle and Manchester Piccadilly to Cleethorpes.
  • The firm is a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Dutch state-owned NS train operator, which runs the majority of services in the Netherlands.
5.2 [with object] Take (someone) somewhere in a car: I’ll run you home
More example sentences
  • First Buses, which runs children to and from Prince Henry's Grammar School, says the school's tough discipline policy makes life easier for its drivers.
  • I feel sorry for her, as she spends all her time running me to classes.
  • Here's my car ... can I run you home?
Synonyms
drive, take, bring, ferry, chauffeur, give someone a ride/lift
6 [with object] Be in charge of; manage: Andrea runs her own catering business [as adjectivein combination]: (-run) an attractive family-run hotel
More example sentences
  • Christine returned to Dawson Fold to help her father manage the farm and run the shop.
  • From that time he has managed and run his business from Hong Kong where his principal activity is in shipping.
  • Currently Mr Gutman is running the firm by himself, but he hopes to have employed several staff members in the next couple of years.
Synonyms
6.1 [no object] (Of a system, organization, or plan) operate or proceed in a particular way: everything’s running according to plan
More example sentences
  • His job was to ensure the company's IT system ran smoothly.
  • If your investment plan is running smoothly, you probably don't have to fiddle with it.
  • If the world economy were running smoothly then it would not be a serious problem.
6.2Organize and make available for other people: we decided to run a series of seminars
More example sentences
  • We contacted a doctor who ran a series of tests on Erin at his office.
  • Bexley Centre for the Unemployed is running a free course in food hygiene in the Boys Brigade hall next to Christ Church in Bexleyheath Broadway.
  • GM currently is running a pilot program in Brazil and investigating plans for Australia and Japan.
Synonyms
carry out, do, perform, execute
6.3Carry out (a test or procedure): he asked the army to run tests on the anti nerve-gas pills
More example sentences
  • The docs ran tests, determined that both the husband and wife were fertile, and called them in for a talk.
  • Also, find out if the doctor runs tests, an important step in determining health status before devising a plan to improve fertility.
  • A doctor runs tests and tells her she has an epileptic disorder in the temporal-lobe area of the brain.
6.4Own, maintain, and use (a vehicle).
More example sentences
  • With servicing and maintenance paid for in advance, the cost of running the vehicle each year becomes much more predictable.
  • Transport, our biggest expense, includes buying and running a vehicle, plus fares for public transport.
  • Drivers are also concerned at the rising cost of running their vehicles.
Synonyms
maintain, keep, own, possess, have;
drive
7Be in or cause to be in operation; function or cause to function: [no object]: the car runs on unleaded fuel [with object]: a number of peripherals can be run off one SCSI port
More example sentences
  • Schumacher managed to keep the engine running after the collision.
  • While the hospital runs off a generator, kindergartens have no generators or power.
  • Do not run your auto in the garage, not even to warm it up.
Synonyms
7.1Move or cause to move between the spools of a recording machine: [with object]: I ran the tape back [no object]: the tape has run out
More example sentences
  • When the show aired, I recorded it onto a 3/4" videotape and I don't think I've run the tape since that night.
  • Brendan ran the tape back a few inches, turned the VCR on again and watched the girls at work a second time.
8 [no object] Continue or be valid or operative for a particular period of time: the course ran for two days this particular debate will run on and on
More example sentences
  • There was a similar operation last year which ran for a short period of time.
  • The scheme ran for a period of 5 years and at the end of this period the properties were sold.
  • He was the grumpy old hero of One Foot in the Grave, a TV sit-com that ran for ten years and seized the hearts and minds of his fans all over the Kingdom.
Synonyms
be valid, last, be in effect, be operative, continue, be effective
8.1 [with adverbial or complement] Happen or arrive at the specified time: the program was running fifteen minutes late
More example sentences
  • All the sentences will run concurrently, giving him a total of three months behind bars.
  • He was given two years for grievous bodily harm and 28 days for the drug offence, the sentences to run concurrently.
  • Francis was jailed for nine years for the first attack and 15 for the second, the sentences to run concurrently.
8.2(Of a play or exhibition) be staged or presented: the play ran on Broadway last year
More example sentences
  • The play runs until Saturday, October 23, in Studio 2, with performances each evening at 7.45 pm.
  • The panto runs from Wednesday to Friday at 7.15 pm with Saturday matinees at 2pm and 6pm.
  • The play runs from Monday to the following Saturday at 7.30 pm with a Saturday matinee at 2.30 pm.
Synonyms
be staged, be performed, be on, be mounted, be screened
9 [no object] Be a candidate in a political election: he announced that he intended to run for President
More example sentences
  • In 1996, he ran as a candidate in Western Canadian provincial and civic elections.
  • Burton, a civil rights lawyer in Los Angeles, ran as a candidate in Tuesday's election.
  • Collier ran unsuccessfully for the Upper House at the last election.
Synonyms
be a candidate for, stand for, be a contender for
9.1 [with object] (Especially of a political party) sponsor (a candidate) in an election: they ran their first candidate for the school board
More example sentences
  • In fact, six opposition parties ran candidates (although three pulled out at the last minute).
  • If the party chooses to run only two candidates, it is certain they will come from either side of the constituency.
  • Te party wants to run two candidates with a national profile.
10Publish or be published in a newspaper or magazine: [with object]: the tabloids ran the story [no object]: when the story ran, there was a big to-do
More example sentences
  • Tabloid newspapers are running lurid accounts of his battle with cancer.
  • A fortnight ago, this very newspaper ran the story about Livingston's financial plight.
  • Recently, Vancouver's Province newspaper ran a story that took me completely by surprise.
Synonyms
publish, print, feature, carry, put out, release, issue
10.1 [no object] (Of a story, argument, or piece of writing) have a specified wording or contents: “Tapestries slashed!” ran the dramatic headline
More example sentences
  • The very first paragraph of my book The Truth about Writing runs as follows.
  • There's an old saying that runs along the lines of ‘no publicity is bad publicity’.
  • CD copying is not just illegal, runs the argument, but immoral.
11 [with object] Bring (goods) into a country illegally and secretly; smuggle: they run drugs for the cocaine cartels
More example sentences
  • When she took them to the man she was running the drugs for, he told her to give one package to an Australian girl.
  • Known as ‘tunnel rats’, they run drugs for the cocaine cartels.
  • Greene began building a drug empire, using Spain as a staging post to run drugs into Europe from north Africa.
Synonyms
smuggle, traffic in, deal in
12 [with two objects] North American (Of an object or act) cost (someone) (a specified amount): a new photocopier will run us about $1,300
More example sentences
  • He wants Malone to reimburse him for the cost of the ticket, which he says ran him $25,000.
  • With a drink or two and dessert, a complete dinner for two, including appetizer and entrée, will run you in the neighborhood of $100.
  • The food here at the ski village is exactly what you would expect … several pub houses, your basic fast food chains, and upper class joints that can run you up to $100 for two.

noun

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1 [usually in singular] An act or spell of running: I usually go for a run in the morning a cross-country run
More example sentences
  • He also recalls cross-country runs around the very wet and muddy field where the supermarket now stands, and which he thinks the school owned.
  • She will have to do cross-country runs and swim in the outdoor pool.
  • Everyone, however, must do the dreaded cross-country runs.
Synonyms
sprint, jog, dash, gallop, trot
1.1A running pace: Bobby set off at a run
More example sentences
  • They looked at each other and set off at a run, the girl trailing behind them, and the boy behind her.
  • He hit the ground at a run, not even pausing to pick his backpack up from where he had dropped it in the dirt.
  • Jake scrambled downstairs at a run and launched himself at Jonathan with a cry of joy.
1.2An opportunity or attempt to achieve something: their absence means the Russians will have a clear run at the title
More example sentences
  • We are trying to win every game but we will continue to give as many lads a run as possible and we'll continue to experiment as much as we can.
  • As we are currently holding second place in the Eastern Centre Championship, we are hoping to have a good run at this one to see if we can overtake the current holder of this title.
  • At least that way we could pick up on points that we have learned in the first year and have a good run at developing the project further over two, three, four or five years.
1.3A preliminary test of the efficiency of a procedure or system: if you are styling your hair yourself, have a practice run
More example sentences
  • Several test runs are being done before the formal opening.
  • Some of the more impressive test runs can be seen in these videos from Georgia Tech and Stanford University.
  • It was a little project that he had been working on, and he figured it was time to give the pen a test run.
1.4An attempt to secure election to political office: his run for the Republican nomination
More example sentences
  • Although this is his first run for elected office, Nolla is not a political novice.
  • The obvious consequence is that only people with money or with access to money can make serious runs for public office.
  • He firmly denied any suggestion that he had struck a deal in return for giving his fellow Right-winger the prospect of a clear run.
1.5An annual mass migration of fish up a river to spawn, or their return migration afterward: the annual salmon runs
More example sentences
  • Fish runs attract pinnipeds, which attract great whites.
  • Crowds of people and predators greet the arrival of many fish spawning runs.
  • Maritz said shad runs were unlike the annual sardine run, where the smaller fish were trapped between warm currents and the land.
2A journey accomplished or route taken by a vehicle, aircraft, or boat, especially on a regular basis: the New York-Washington run
More example sentences
  • The problem of vehicles on the school run jamming up roads was being discussed by councillors this afternoon.
  • Most of those who pass it will do so habitually: commuters going in and out of the city, commercial drivers doing regular runs from one depot or customer to another.
  • Is your school run part of your journey to work or do you need a second journey for it?
Synonyms
route, journey;
circuit, round, beat
2.1A short excursion made in a car: we could take a run out to the country
More example sentences
  • As it's been such a nice day, after having had lunch at Blairmains this afternoon I thought it would be nice to go for a run in the car, so we headed off northwards to Callander, where we had a nice walk around and some ice cream in the sunshine.
  • We went for a run in the car and ended up in Bundoran so we went bowling.
  • Yesterday, Val came for lunch and then we went for a run out to Milngavie to the Garden Centre and came home laden with purple and yellow primulas for the balcony.
2.2The distance covered in a specified period, especially by a ship: a record run of 398 miles from noon to noon
More example sentences
  • With following winds reaching 42 knots we surfed up Clarence Strait, across Sumner Strait and didn't have headwinds until the last few miles into tiny Louise Cove on Kuiu Island, a day's run of 110 miles.
2.3A short flight made by an aircraft on a straight and even course at a constant speed before or while dropping bombs.
More example sentences
  • This was now a critical phase of the bomb run and a time when the formation was most vulnerable.
  • One day we were in a position in the formation where it was logical for the copilot to fly the bomb run.
  • They were now going to make a desperate run towards their target, bomb it, and get the hell out.
3 Baseball A point scored when a base runner reaches home plate after touching the other bases.
More example sentences
  • He retired with a total of 649 stolen bases and nearly 1,200 runs scored.
  • The Tigers fared far better in other categories, leading the league with 185 home runs and 671 runs scored.
  • On balance, stolen bases have very little to do with runs scored.
3.1 Cricket A point scored by hitting the ball so that both batsmen are able to run between the wickets, or awarded in some other circumstances.
More example sentences
  • His first five balls resulted in eight runs scored for two wickets.
  • They went on to win by four wickets when the winning runs were scored in the 16th over.
  • But in cricket, the batsmen get the runs and bowlers get wickets.
4A continuous spell of a particular situation or condition: he’s had a run of bad luck
More example sentences
  • Leah tells Dan that she can't believe her current run of bad luck.
  • In the midst of this current run of bad form, some things haven't changed of course.
  • We sat in the living room one night, talking about our run of bad luck and neither of us said it but we knew.
Synonyms
4.1A continuous series of performances: the play had a long run on Broadway
More example sentences
  • Palace are three points adrift at the bottom on a run of five defeats, but Dowie insists the league table should be no shock.
  • Gaelic Players Chicago and Tara Theatre Company, Winnipeg, have had sellout runs with the play over the past twelve months and Westport Drama Group became the first Irish group to stage the play last April.
  • Still, they both extended their unbeaten runs to five matches.
4.2A quantity or amount of something produced at one time: a production run of only 150 cars
More example sentences
  • This is not too bad when the number of components is relatively small, or the production runs are relatively large.
  • We do not know what their production runs were, but this is stuff you can keep.
  • On the other hand, he says, the production runs tie up money.
4.3A continuous stretch or length of something: long runs of copper piping
More example sentences
  • A good long run of CW1308 cable can be used for ADSL; 50m can typically be easily achieved without any noticeable degradation.
  • Place a separate order for each run of cable needed.
  • Wire adjusters are a means of shortening or extending the length of the wires that run out to the signals, because changes in the weather can have a substantial effect on a long run of wire.
4.4A rapid series of musical notes forming a scale.
More example sentences
  • His voice retains its evenness in all registers, and he cleanly articulates Vivaldi's most difficult runs and fioriture.
  • The first movement moves to a too-stately tread, although the 16th note runs are light enough.
  • His tone and legato playing are ravishing, and his execution of the composer's florid runs and other figurations is smooth.
4.5A sequence of cards of the same suit.
More example sentences
  • The commonest type is a run, or unbroken sequence of cards in a suit.
  • As in most rummy games, the possible melds are sets of equal cards and runs of consecutive cards in the same suit.
  • The player must specify (if it is not clear) whether the meld is a run or a set, the rank of the set, and the rank and suit of a run.
5 (a run on) A widespread and sudden or continuous demand for (a particular currency or commodity): there’s been a big run on nostalgia toys this year
More example sentences
  • Two years back this newspaper carried a story suggesting a serious run on the dollar was becoming a distinct possibility.
  • The threat of disruptions in gasoline supply due to Hurricane Ike sparked a run on gas last Thursday and Friday.
  • Nervous motorists start stockpiling fuel, causing a run on petrol, which in turn sparks yet more panic buying.
5.1A sudden demand for repayment from a bank made by a large number of lenders: growing nervousness among investors led to a run on some banks
More example sentences
  • The participants called for the formulation of guidelines for journalists to prevent them from publishing alarming stories that contribute to runs on commercial banks.
  • Uruguay floated its currency late last month following a run on banks and a plunge in foreign reserves.
  • The merchant community organized a run on the banks, and the Government gave in.
Synonyms
demand for, rush on
6 (the run of) Free and unrestricted use of or access to: her cats were given the run of the house
More example sentences
  • We had the run of this house, a bungalow with long corridors and lots of weird things to play with and things we were told not to touch.
  • Better still, give them the run of the house while you stay in the hotel.
  • We discovered very quickly that he couldn't be given the run of the house.
Synonyms
free use of, unrestricted access to
7 (the run) [usually with adjective] The average or usual type of person or thing: she stood out from the general run of varsity cheerleaders
More example sentences
  • What lifts this movie above the usual run of dutifully sweet romantic comedies is the bright, fantasy-friendly sensibility of its two directors, Shari Springer Berman and Robert Pulcini.
  • Plato realizes that the general run of humankind can think, and speak, etc., without (so far as they acknowledge) any awareness of his realm of Forms.
  • It is also to help new generations discover that they are not that different from the common run of humanity.
Synonyms
8An enclosed area in which domestic animals or birds can run freely in the open: a chicken run
More example sentences
  • The main breeding cattery is a six- by twelve-metre enclosure, divided into runs.
  • The previous owners had two small dogs and treated this area as a dog run, so it was much flattened and stale when we moved in.
  • We have an enclosed dog run behind our garage where we usually leave the dogs when we are at work.
Synonyms
8.1 [usually with adjective] A track made or regularly used by a particular animal: a badger run
More example sentences
  • He also learned to read various animal trails, runs, beds and feeding areas and how to track and trap them.
  • Where rabbit-proof fencing cuts across badger runs, particularly near active setts, the badgers are likely to dig under or make holes in the netting, thus allowing rabbits to cross the fence.
  • Trees should be felled away from any holes, main badger runs or obvious latrines.
8.2A sloping snow-covered course or track used for skiing, bobsledding, or tobogganing: a ski run
More example sentences
  • Powder hounds won't be disappointed either as there are excellent off-piste skiing and mogul runs, but it's wise to ask for a guide if you take the uncharted option.
  • It's not that expensive with a lot of steep hard runs but plenty of slopes for beginners too.
  • Skiing from 14,000 feet is a special treat: runs are longer; snow lasts longer.
Synonyms
slope, track, piste, trail, slide
8.3Australian/New Zealand A large open stretch of land used for pasture or the raising of stock: one of the richest cattle runs of the district
More example sentences
  • When the pastoralists pushed north, looking for grazing land and runs for their sheep, Thomas Elder was one of them to take up large leases in the Beltana area.
  • The great cause of conflict was Aborigines taking cattle and sheep from newly established grazing runs.
9chiefly North American A line of unraveled stitches in stockings or tights.
More example sentences
  • Her legs were old and worn, tiny blue and purple veins played along the backs of her knees, and stockings with runs as long as the Mississippi fell to her ankles.
  • Take all your tights (check them first for runs and holes) and put them in a lined basket.
  • Seam sealants have a wide variety of uses, including stopping hosiery runs.
Synonyms
rip, tear, snag, hole, pull;
British ladder
10A downward trickle of paint or a similar substance when applied too thickly.
More example sentences
  • Apply varnish full strength, taking extra care to avoid runs and sags.
  • This can mean paint runs, sags and wrinkling on vertical surfaces, plus an overall reduced rate of coverage per gallon.
11A small stream or brook.
More example sentences
  • Then I heard and saw a good rise that was obviously from a much bigger fish at the bottom of a run under some trees.
  • Fall floods seem to have improved the river topography and most who have walked the river suggest the number of runs with fish-holding potential has vastly improved.
12 (the runs) informal Diarrhea.
13 Nautical The after part of a ship’s bottom where it rises and narrows toward the stern.
More example sentences
  • Having a coarse run, she carried a huge body of water in her wake, in which the rudder was useless.

Origin

Old English rinnan, irnan (verb), of Germanic origin, probably reinforced in Middle English by Old Norse rinna, renna. The current form with -u- in the present tense is first recorded in the 16th century.

Usage

On the use of verbs used with and instead of a to infinitive, as in run and fetch the paper, see and (usage).

Phrases

be run off one's feet

see foot.

come running

Be eager to do what someone wants: he had only to snap his fingers, and she would come running
More example sentences
  • But what will happen if she snaps her fingers, and they do not come running?
  • They can't simply choose which dictators they want toppled and expect us to come running each time.
  • It drove her mad that I didn't come running when she snapped her fingers.

give someone/something a (good) run for their money

Provide someone or something with challenging competition or opposition.
More example sentences
  • She was the British Ladies Rally Champion for three successive years, from 1976 to 1978 and continues to give the competition a run for their money.
  • If there was a civic award for the best cross country ski town in the United States, the Twin Cities would give all competition a run for their money.
  • Nestlé chiefs were staying tight-lipped about the research, but it is believed they are thrilled to be giving Cadbury a run for their money.

have a (good) run for one's money

Derive reward or enjoyment in return for one’s outlay or efforts.
More example sentences
  • Companies involved in learning and education performed well and telecommunications also had a good run for its money.
  • Investors have also had a good run for their money: the shares were floated on the Stock Market in 1987 at an equivalent of 45p and yesterday managed to level out at 260p.

on the run

1Trying to avoid being captured: a kidnapper on the run from the FBI
More example sentences
  • Gotovina is a famous war criminal on the run who has eluded capture.
  • As part of the operation police searched a number of addresses, including one in the Costa del Sol, a notorious haven for British criminals on the run from the UK.
  • The arrested man is a 46-year-old English criminal who is on the run and wanted in Britain.
2While running: he took a pass on the run
More example sentences
  • Federer looks a different player to the one who struggled against Martin Verkerk yesterday and he produces a stunning pass on the run to move to 0-30.
  • Milt Palacio's ability to find teammates on the run and thread passes has helped the offense become more productive.
  • Novak unleashes a forehand passing winner on the run and Henman then double-faults to go 15-40 down.
2.1Continuously active and busy: I’m on the run every minute of the day
More example sentences
  • Receiving emails by phone is ideal for a busy person on the run.
  • When you're in a hurry and lunch on the run is your only option, where better than Matt Lyons shop on Stephen Street to get a quick bite to bring back to the office.
  • Indigestion is aggravated by ‘hurry sickness’ - eating on the run and bolting down your food.

run a blockade

run afoul (or foul) of

1 Nautical Collide or become entangled with (an obstacle or another vessel): another ship ran afoul of us
More example sentences
  • Entering Bogue Inlet about dusk last May, the Coast Guard's rigid hull inflatable ran afoul of some breaking waves as the inlet bar was up that day.
  • It was in full sail close to us, luffing a little and standing across our course, and so close we had to strike sail to avoid running foul of her, while they too turned hard to let us pass.
2Come into conflict with; go against: the act may run afoul of consumer protection legislation
More example sentences
  • Might we think that there are times when it might permissible, perhaps obligatory, for us to do something that runs afoul of the rule of law in the name of a greater good?
  • Student gangs are a feature of school life and the teacher who runs afoul of any member of a gang, whether male or female, is in for a torrid time.
  • Lombard's admission means he now joins Michelle Smith and Hendricken as the third Irish athlete banned after running foul of testing for performance-enhancing substances.

run dry

(Of a well or river) cease to flow or have any water.
More example sentences
  • The phrase about not missing water until your river runs dry has never felt so apt.
  • Traffic gridlock is commonplace, air pollution levels are soaring and, most alarmingly, the thirst for water means the mighty Colorado River is increasingly running dry.
  • And last month, more than half of France's 95 local government regions introduced water rationing as rivers began to run dry in the most serious drought to strike the country for 25 years.
(Especially of a source of money or information) be completely used up: municipal relief funds had long since run dry
More example sentences
  • With gas supplies to Ireland from current sources expected to run dry by 2004, the government is anxious for one or more of these projects to get under way.
  • But sometimes, even my goodwill supply runs dry.
  • Extra ale had to be drafted in on Saturday morning for the Campaign for Real Ale's three-day event in the Coronation Hall to make sure supplies did not run dry.

run an errand

Carry out an errand, typically on someone else’s behalf.
More example sentences
  • One week later, Colas, a sixth-grade student of the Lewis Yard Primary School failed to return home after running an errand for his mother who sent him to a nearby house to purchase some items.
  • Closed circuit TV footage from a convenience store near his home showed him running an errand for his mother at 5.02 pm, after which he returned home.
  • She had disappeared while out running an errand for her mother.

(make a) run for it

Attempt to escape someone or something by running away.
More example sentences
  • Sam even made a sad attempt to run for it but Jordan grabbed her.
  • Some people gave themselves up and were arrested, others made breakout attempts, climbing over containers and running for it.
  • The logical choice was to go quietly and hope that she'd be able to escape, but she could also make a run for it if she thought she was fast enough.

run the gauntlet

run high

see high.

run oneself into the ground

run its course

see course.

run low (or short)

Become depleted: supplies had run short
More example sentences
  • However, while water and medical supplies are running short in some areas stockpiling means that food is not yet generally scarce.
  • Cod supplies have been running short because of fishing restrictions imposed in the North Sea in a bid to repopulate depleted stocks.
  • He predicts that a famine affecting up to 15 million of his people will hit next spring because the twice-yearly rains have largely failed and home-produced food supplies are already running low.
Have too little of something: we’re running short of time
More example sentences
  • The aircraft flew over the Atlantic but weather conditions deteriorated and by the time the squadron reached the English coast at dawn, they were running short of fuel.
  • We were running short of time, and ominous clouds were massing in the sky, but we couldn't resist stepping inside the old church.
  • Doctors said they were running short of anesthetics and medical equipment.

run a mile

see mile.

run off at the mouth

North American informal Talk excessively or indiscreetly.
More example sentences
  • Now everyone outside of New York is running off at the mouth about how New Yorkers and Yankee fans are barbarians.
  • I knew Cannonball and knew he was not the type to go running off at the mouth about anything.
  • He may run off at the mouth, and be stubborn, but that's never been much of a sin in American politics.
Synonyms
talk incessantly, talk a lot, go on, chatter on, ramble on
informal yak, gab, run off at the mouth

run someone out of town

chiefly North American Force someone to leave a place.
More example sentences
  • It didn't always mean that if you lost that game they were going to run you out of town, but you sure felt like leaving.
  • That we were merely a bunch of art school fashion victims from Auckland made little difference, and a vigilante squad, supported it seemed by the local newspapers and the Police decided to run us out of town.
  • He bought the apartment building and evicted her and then when she came to beg him for my sake not to run us out of town, he wrote her a check for three thousand dollars and told her never to show her face again.
Synonyms
chase, drive, hound

run rings around

see ring1.

run riot

see riot.

run the risk (or run risks)

see risk.

run the show

informal Dominate or be in charge of a project, undertaking, or domain.
More example sentences
  • I suppose some European countries might have been prepared to undertake this adventure if Washington had not been running the show.
  • The same bunch of plonkers are running the show.
  • Well, an old CIA operative could soon be back on the payroll - this time running the show.
Synonyms
be in charge, be in control, be at the helm, be in the driver's seat, be at the wheel
informal be the boss, call the shots

run a temperature (or fever)

Be suffering from a fever or high temperature.
More example sentences
  • Thirty-six hours later, with Lydia running a temperature of 41.5 degrees, suffering sickness and hallucinations, Mr and Mrs Cross again rang doctors, but were told not to worry.
  • A few minutes earlier, Marylou, running a temperature of 103, was wilting, moaning that she'd die if made to pose in the humidity of the pastel-hued pool house.
  • Osborne was fined a further $785 for transporting a horse to Redcar racecourse in June when vets had found that it was running a temperature.

run someone/something to earth (or ground)

Hunting Chase a quarry to its lair.
More example sentences
  • After being run to ground by hounds the fox was flushed out of its earth by a terrier and shot.
Find someone or something, typically after a long search.
More example sentences
  • He teamed up with the FBI and tracked Mitnick for two months, until they ran him to ground, surprising him in a Raleigh apartment, surrounded by telephone gear and fake driver's licenses.
  • 680 million has poured into the state's coffers as tax evaders have been run to ground.
  • Abrams was finally run to earth in 1991, pleading guilty to two misdemeanor counts of lying to Congress under oath, in order to avoid felony charges.

run to ruin

archaic Fall into disrepair; gradually deteriorate.
More example sentences
  • They are astonished to find the Jellyby household running to ruin as a result of Mrs Jellyby spending more time dealing with far-flung matters of philanthropy than the problems on her own doorstep.

run to seed

see seed.

run wild

see wild.

Phrasal verbs

run across

Meet or find by chance: I just thought you might have run across him before
More example sentences
  • Chances are that at some point you've run across someone like me.
  • I've tried desperately to avoid kvetching about my roommate here, just in case she ever runs across the site, but last night sent me over the edge.
  • In the Czech Republic, like any non-Anglo region of the globe, one frequently runs across amusing mistranslations of English.
Synonyms
meet, meet by chance, come across, run into, chance on/upon, stumble on/upon, happen on/upon
informal bump into

run after

informal Seek to acquire or attain; pursue persistently: businesses that have spent years running after the boomer market
More example sentences
  • I really hope that my band will keep on being honest and playing the good music instead of turning into rats running after the rockstar lifestyle.
  • They have been largely ignored by the media, businesses and public institutions, which have spent years running after the baby-boom market.
Seek the company of (someone) with the aim of developing a romantic or sexual relationship with them.
More example sentences
  • This just isn't going to work out if you go running after other girls again.
  • I hope she will marry my son and stop him running after so many girls.
  • Right from his school days, so many girls have been running after him.
Synonyms
pursue, chase;
make advances to, flirt with
informal come on to, be all over
dated set one's cap for/at

run against

archaic Collide with (someone).
More example sentences
  • I uttered an expression of disgust, and pushed past him into the yard, running against Earnshaw in my haste.
Happen to meet: I ran against Flanagan the other day
More example sentences
  • By the way, I ran against Flanagan the other day.

run along

[in imperative] informal Go away (used typically to address a child): run along now, there’s a good girl
More example sentences
  • Now run along and play, and let the grown-ups get along with the job of running the country.
  • Run along now, Cole. You should be getting ready yourself.
  • Run along now! You don't want to be late!
Synonyms
go away, be off (with you), shoo
informal scram, buzz off, skedaddle, scat, beat it, get lost, shove off, clear off
literary begone

run around with

run at

Rush toward (someone) to attack or as if to attack them.
More example sentences
  • The injuries were caused by one punch as the attacker ran at the man, in Selby Market Place, before riding off on a red bicycle.
  • He runs at Guy, who easily parries his attack and knocks him to the floor.
  • Natalie ran at him, lashing out with her fists.

run away

Leave or escape from a place, person, or situation of danger: children who run away from home normally go to big cities
More example sentences
  • The children either came from troubled single-parent homes or had run away from home to escape from the pressures at school.
  • Mrs Du Faur even took in a student, who had run away from ‘a terrible living situation’ at home.
  • My personal solution was to run away from it all, and while that has made me happier, I also realize that it was selfish and cowardly.
(also informal run off) Leave one’s home or current partner in order to establish a relationship with someone else: he ran off with his wife’s best friend Fran, let’s run away together
More example sentences
  • She told authorities she had been in love with her cousin and had planned to run away with him.
  • We should run away together and start a new life.
  • Craddock's wife has run off with another man, leaving him in charge of their two children.
Try to avoid acknowledging or facing up to an unpleasant or difficult situation: the commissioners are running away from their responsibilities
More example sentences
  • Am I travelling towards a change in lifestyle and attitude, or merely running away from a difficult reality that I'd rather not face?
  • He accuses the Lib Dems of running away from difficult decisions, and says in many wards a vote for them would be a wasted one.
  • The theme of the film involves the central characters encountering new situations while running away from the problems of adulthood.

run away with

1(Of one’s imagination or emotions) work wildly, so as to overwhelm (one): Susan’s imagination was running away with her
More example sentences
  • I think I'm letting my emotions run away with me on this one, and being just a little unfair.
  • Bear in mind I was very tired and emotionally overwrought when I wrote this blog, my imagination may have run away with itself.
  • But then again I'm probably just letting my imagination run away with itself.
1.1(Of a horse) bolt with (its rider).
More example sentences
  • The first time the child got on the horse it ran away with him, seriously injuring him.
2Accept (an idea) without thinking it through properly: a lot of people ran away with the idea that they were Pacifists
More example sentences
  • Let's not let EMI run away with the idea that it's doing badly - in fact, let's all take this opportunity to drink a toast to their profits, and a successful British company.
  • Three cheers for that then, but while this is welcome news indeed and an excellent way of dealing with unruly behaviour, let us not run away with the idea that our society is descending into social anarchy.
  • But let's not run away with the idea that Kevin is some kind of burbling half-wit who shouldn't be trusted to do up his own shoelaces.
3Excel in or win (a competition) easily: the Yankees ran away with the series
More example sentences
  • Michael Schumacher does not expect to run away with an eighth world championship when the new Formula One season begins in Melbourne, Australia, on Sunday.
  • The expectations have certainly changed since I arrived, but there are some good teams in this division and no-one is going to run away with the league this year.
  • ‘There is a complete sense of disbelief in the dressing room because 20 minutes into the second half we thought we were going to run away with the game,’ said Farrell.
Synonyms
win easily, win hands down
informal win by a mile

run something by (or past)

Tell (someone) about something, especially in order to ascertain their opinion or reaction.
More example sentences
  • I actually ran my opinion by my solicitor friend today, and she agreed I was being unfairly treated.
  • He also clarified that the plans for the scaffolding had been run by, and received approval from, Oxford City Council.
  • Scotty writes the lyrics, and runs half-formed songs past his brood, before sending them to Nick to musicalise.

run someone/something down

1(Of a vehicle or its driver) hit a person or animal and knock them to the ground.
More example sentences
  • According to one witness, a worker who was standing next to her, the driver deliberately ran Clark down.
  • As Kim stood in the path of a truck attempting to enter Sanjo Remicon's depot, the driver ran him down.
  • It's too easy for the drivers of such huge and unwieldy vehicles to sideswipe your bike and run you down without even noticing you're there.
Synonyms
run over, knock down, knock over;
hit, strike
1.1(Of a boat) collide with another vessel.
More example sentences
  • During the voyage they will have to ride out ferocious storms and heavy seas and there will be a constant threat from floating logs, abandoned containers and huge merchant vessels which could run them down without even noticing.
2Criticize someone or something unfairly or unkindly.
More example sentences
  • ‘Some people have complained or run us down,’ says Kernan, a small smile almost escaping.
  • We do not want to hear Opposition members running New Zealanders down, running the country down, and bringing everybody down.
  • He says you've been running him down in public recently.
Synonyms
criticize, denigrate, belittle, disparage, deprecate, find fault with
informal put down, knock, badmouth, dis
formal derogate
3Find someone or something after a search: she finally ran the professor down
More example sentences
  • She finally ran the professor down in an academic directory.
4 Baseball (Of two or more fielders) try to tag out a base runner who is trapped between two bases, in the process throwing the ball back and forth.
More example sentences
  • Preferably there is no throw and the fielder can run him down and apply the tag but properly executed there should be no need for more than one throw.

run something down (or run down)

Reduce (or become reduced) in size, numbers, or resources: hardwood stocks in some countries are rapidly running down
More example sentences
  • Production at the plant will be run down between now and the end of the year.
  • The four state-owned refineries have been run down and cannot produce enough to meet local demand.
  • Spending on education in Bradford has been run down over a number of years.
Lose (or cause to lose) power; stop (or cause to stop) functioning: the battery has run down
More example sentences
  • They would not start whatever we did and we ended up simply running both batteries down in the process.
  • Old batteries have a diminished capacity to hold power, and they run down very quickly.
  • I would have taken some photos, but I realised, too late, that the batteries were running down on my camera.
Gradually deteriorate (or cause to deteriorate) in quality or condition: the property had been allowed to run down
More example sentences
  • The children say the playground has been run down over the last decade.
  • At the meeting fears were voiced that the hospital had been run down over recent years, forcing it to close.
  • This can be caused by crash or yo-yo dieting, and a lifestyle that is becoming common in 30-something women: working long hours, not eating properly and leading stressful lives, which runs the body down.

run someone in

informal Arrest someone.
More example sentences
  • I'm gonna run you in for assault and battery for pushing my partner like you did.

run into

1Collide with: he ran into a lamp post
More example sentences
  • A passing car lost control and ran into the telephone kiosk knocking it to the ground.
  • And then suddenly, one of the guys ran into me, knocking me down, along with my box, which held my computer disks and floppies.
  • Sneaking through the room, he was about to launch an attack on the intruder when he ran into the dresser, knocking over a lamp.
Synonyms
collide with, hit, strike, crash into, smash into, plow into, ram, impact
1.1Meet by chance: I ran into Stasia and Katie on the way home
More example sentences
  • Then, quite by chance, he runs into a woman with whom he had a furtive adolescent relationship.
  • The chances of running into Clayton out here were next to nil, but I looked anyway.
  • Since you're in the same building during the same hours, there's a pretty good chance you'll run into each other on more than a few occasions.
1.2Experience (a problem or difficult situation): the bank ran into financial difficulties
More example sentences
  • He had run into financial difficulties trying to maintain two families.
  • Just after I finished school, my older brother Hal ran into some financial difficulties.
  • These huge numbers are due to the increasing numbers of people running into difficulties because of credit card debts and other loans.
2Reach (a level or amount): debts running into millions of dollars
More example sentences
  • Southend Council is to ask the Government to foot the bill for damage caused by the Cliffs landslide with the amount expected to run into several million pounds.
  • It is not yet known how much but police confirmed the amount ran into thousands of pounds.
  • The cost of losing even small amounts of data can run into the millions of dollars.
Synonyms
reach, extend to, be as much as
3Blend into or appear to coalesce with: her words ran into each other
More example sentences
  • This is how he talks, so fast that all the words run into one.
  • Nonetheless, the set was as original as they come, with songs running into each other seamlessly and slowing down or speeding up whenever the mood took them.
  • The villages of Methil and Leven run into each other, and the 9000 people who live there are part of a close-knit community where everyone seems to know everything that is going on.

run off

see run away above.

run off with

informal Steal: the treasurer had run off with the pension funds
More example sentences
  • Someone ran off with all the money last week - the money that I kept in my own room.
  • New Harmony collapsed when one of Owen's American business partners ran off with all profits.
  • Saengdao Bell holds up a picture of John Bell, her husband, whom she said ran off with 2 million baht of her money.

run something off

1Reproduce copies of a piece of writing on a machine.
More example sentences
  • People who want prints on paper can run them off at minimal cost on just about any photo-quality printer, using inexpensive inks and papers.
  • ‘It costs the forger virtually nothing to run them off a photocopier,’ said Kennedy.
  • We'd already prepared the printed statement - I think we'd run off about 100 copies.
Synonyms
1.1Write or recite something quickly and with little effort.
2Drain liquid from a container: run off the water that has been standing in the pipes
More example sentences
  • The emerging site includes porous parking areas that absorb water rather than run it off into storm drains.
  • Drainage gullies should be put in place to run off surface water.
Synonyms
drain, bleed, draw off, pump out

run on

1Continue without stopping; go on longer than is expected: the story ran on for months
More example sentences
  • The stories run on almost interminably as Chandy Mathew tries to squeeze a moral out of seemingly ordinary situations.
  • Things ran on for about 18 months and I was then asked to go to Harley Street, in London, to see a surgeon appointed by the insurance company.
  • The Paris peace conference was a lengthy and complex process, running on for six months.
Synonyms
1.1Talk incessantly.
More example sentences
  • I must say, your mother does run on, doesn't she?
  • The reader will be relieved to know that I am not going to run on about the Norsemen, the Anglo-Normans and the Anglo-Saxons.
2 (also run upon) (Of a person’s mind or a discussion) be preoccupied or concerned with (a particular subject): my thoughts always ran too much on death
More example sentences
  • My thoughts ran on that same thread throughout the night.
  • My thoughts ran too much on death.
3 Printing Continue on the same line as the preceding matter.
More example sentences
  • I think you'll be pleased at the look of the poems - they're arranged so that none of the lines run on.

run out

1(Of a supply of something) be used up: our food is about to run out
More example sentences
  • Passengers reported conditions close to ‘bedlam’ as air conditioning units failed and water supplies ran out.
  • He says worldwide oil supplies are simply running out.
  • Surely this difficulty should have been foreseen and the Minister should have negotiated the further funding long before the supply of cash had run out.
Synonyms
be used up, dry up, be exhausted, be finished, peter out
1.1Use up one’s supply of something: we’ve run out of gasoline
More example sentences
  • But he and his men were running out of supplies, and many were at their wits end.
  • Few of us would know what to do if our water or electricity supplies were cut off, or the supermarkets ran out of food.
  • If a local council runs out of money it is the duty of central government to bail them out and not to charge the householders extra money.
1.2Become no longer valid: her contract runs out at the end of the year
More example sentences
  • My contract runs out at the end of the year, and as yet nothing else has been agreed.
  • I have a five-year contract which runs out next July.
  • Larsson's contract runs out at the end of next season.
Synonyms
expire, end, terminate, finish;
lapse
2(Of rope) be paid out: slowly, he let the cables run out
More example sentences
  • Slowly, he let the cables run out.
3 [with adverbial of direction] Extend; project: a row of buildings ran out to Cityline Avenue
More example sentences
  • At right angles to the façade a row of buildings ran out to Whitehall Gate.

run out on

informal Abandon (someone); cease to support or care for.
More example sentences
  • There has to be a good reason why she ran out on him.
  • He couldn't stand the fact that she ran out on him last night.
  • My mom said that my father ran out on her and that he was a bastard.

run over

1(Of a container or its contents) overflow: the bath’s running over
2Exceed (an expected limit): the filming ran over schedule and budget
More example sentences
  • It was the second time in three days that rush hour services had been disrupted by engineering work running over schedule.
  • The IRS says parts of the project are more than two years behind schedule and running over budget.
  • Earlier this month it was revealed that some elements of the plan are running over budget and at least seven years behind schedule.
Synonyms
exceed, go over, overshoot, overreach

run someone/something over

(Of a vehicle or its driver) knock a person or animal down and pass over their body: I almost ran over that raccoon
More example sentences
  • Another worker said Mr Heap was standing by the vehicle when he was run over.
  • The fifty-two year old businessman was charged with culpable homicide after running Clarke over with his four-wheel drive vehicle.
  • She died of chest and abdominal injuries after she was run over by a lorry outside York District Hospital.
Synonyms
run down, knock down, knock over;
hit, strike

run through

1Be present in every part of; pervade: a sense of personal loss runs through many of his lyrics
More example sentences
  • The other interesting theme running through here is the loss of family.
  • Do you sense a strong current of social idealism running through present-day American design?
  • While it is difficult to categorize the projects presented in this volume, one common thread that runs through much of the work is the architects' concern for ecologically sound design.
Synonyms
2Use or spend recklessly or rapidly: her husband had long since run through her money
More example sentences
  • It didn't take them too many years to run through all their money.
  • Not surprisingly, he quickly ran through the money and had to ask Morgan for more.
  • That ever-charming quality stood him in good stead as he ran through the money of numerous family friends who invested in a long string of his losing ventures.
Synonyms
squander, spend, fritter away, dissipate, waste, go through, consume, use up
informal blow

run someone/something through

Stab a person or animal so as to kill them.
More example sentences
  • An opponent with a knife could easily run you through if you tried that, so it wasn't actually very convincing as self-defense.
  • Descartes drew his sword and threatened to run them through if they tried to harm him.
  • At once he unleashed an unearthly scream, as though someone had just run him through with a spear.
Synonyms

run through (or over) something

Discuss, read, or repeat something quickly or briefly: I’ll just run through the schedule for the weekend
More example sentences
  • Before we get on to the clinical implications, let's just quickly run through what the possible reasons are.
  • We did some rehearsing yesterday evening, running through some old Dr. Feelgood numbers.
  • As I read I kept running through all the things I have said over the last six years since having Madison.
Synonyms
recapitulate, repeat, run over, go over, reiterate, review;
look over, read through
informal recap
rehearse, practice, go over, repeat
informal recap
Rehearse a performance or series of actions: okay, let’s run through Scene 3 again
More example sentences
  • Would it be alright if David and I just run through it as we rehearsed it, and you give us a list of what you want to change at the end?
  • Some approach practicing as a time to perform, running through pieces at tempo from start to finish.
  • Run through the speech again.

run to

1Extend to or reach (a specified amount or size): the document ran to almost 100 pages
More example sentences
  • The expense of returning home could run to considerably more than this.
  • All human life is contained within the covers of the book, which runs to 227 pages and contains a wonderful collection of musings and anecdotes.
  • The compensation was £585 yet the real cost runs to over £1, 000.
Synonyms
amount to, add up to, total, come to, equal, reach, be as much as
1.1Be enough to cover (a particular expense); have the financial resources for: my income doesn’t run to luxuries like taxis
More example sentences
  • Considering she is an 80-year-old pensioner, I do not think her pension would run to that sort of expense.
  • The budget can't have run to PR representation.
  • Tipton's budget doesn't run to many luxuries.
2(Of a person) show a tendency to or inclination toward: she was tall and running to fat
More example sentences
  • Her tastes in movies run to romantic comedies and drama.
  • Whether your taste runs to Wordsworth, real ale or fell-walking, Grasmere is the right place to start from.
  • Anand's taste runs to Aerosmith, Moby and Bon Jovi, while Cathleen prefers Savage Garden and the Backstreet Boys.
Synonyms
tend to, become, get, grow

run something up

1Allow a debt or bill to accumulate quickly: he ran up debts of $153,000
More example sentences
  • He also suggested BT should use technology to detect obvious faults in the system before such enormous bills were run up.
  • As a result of mismanagement, debts of 110 million guilders had been run up and these were taken on by the Dutch state.
  • More costs were run up the next morning when the plumber returned to fit a temporary stop-cock.
1.1Achieve a particular score in a game or match: North Carolina ran up a 62-44 lead
More example sentences
  • With the wind behind them they ran up a score of 2 - 14 to 0 - 3 at half time.
  • Imran Farhat and Taufeeq Umar played together 15 times and ran up 754 runs at an impressive average of 50.27 per innings.
  • Danny Hennesey and Bob Wrigglesworth hit a flurry of boundaries as Drax looked like running up a mammoth score against Heworth.
2Make something quickly or hurriedly, especially a piece of clothing: I’ll run up a dress for you
More example sentences
  • From running designs up on sewing machines at the back of the shop, Stephen soon grew to be a large-scale manufacturer.
  • He was obsessed by her looks, to the extent of commissioning designers to run up body-hugging dresses for her.
  • Watching musicals as a child sparked her interest, and she had her mother run up a Sound of Music dress to wear in a talent show at school.
3Raise a flag.
More example sentences
  • The Americans put their emergency plans into operation, ran the American flag up over the house and settled down to wait things out.
  • The bell at the Empire Hotel would ring at midday and a flag would be run up the pub's flag-pole to indicate the postponement of the match.
  • Someone's even gone to the effort of digging out a flag with the college logo on it and run it up to half mast.

run up against

Experience or meet (a difficulty or problem): the proposal has been dropped because it could run up against Federal regulations
More example sentences
  • This procedure runs up against two difficulties.
  • Any difficult/challenging lifestyle is going to run up against… difficulties and challenges.
  • The government is proposing 200 city academies, including 60 in London, although several such schemes have recently run up against local parental opposition.

run with

1Proceed with; accept: we do lots of tests before we run with a product
More example sentences
  • ‘I think that Humphrey would have won if he had accepted and run with that plan,’ Laird said.
  • Once you accept the basic idea, shouldn't you run with it?
  • Once I stopped caring what other people said, I accepted my role and just started running with it.
2 (also run around with) informal Associate habitually with (someone): Larry was a good kid until he began running around with the wrong crowd
More example sentences
  • I think it's the new friends he's been running around with.
  • Come on Tobey, find yourself an older woman to run around with.
  • He didn't have time to worry about who his son was running around with during the day when he wasn't home.

Derivatives

runnable

adjective
More example sentences
  • In short, he has both the strength and skill to run any whitewater that's runnable.
  • This is a requisite of real-time computing, where you need your real-time task to run the moment it becomes runnable.
  • The area features generally runnable deciduous woodland with some steep slopes and craggy outcrops and a reasonable path network.

Definition of run in:

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Word of the day retroflex
Pronunciation: ˈrɛtrə(ʊ)flɛks
adjective
turned backwards