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saline

Syllabification: sa·line
Pronunciation: /ˈsāˌlēn
 
, ˈsāˌlīn
 
/

Definition of saline in English:

adjective

1Containing or impregnated with salt: saline alluvial soils
More example sentences
  • It is difficult to see how such large leaves could avoid catastrophic overheating in a tropical climate if the trees were growing in saline soils and stomatal conductance was consequently limited.
  • In coastal areas, a decline in the water-table can also induce flow of saline groundwater from the formation beneath the ocean or sea toward wells on land.
  • The movement of saline water into freshwater aquifers, or saltwater intrusion, is usually caused by ground water pumping from coastal wells.
1.1chiefly Medicine (Of a solution) containing sodium chloride and/or a salt or salts of magnesium or another alkali metal.
Example sentences
  • Embryos were extracted from uteri by saline solution lavage on days 2 and 3 of pregnancy.
  • Acute lung injury induced by saline solution lavage, in contrast to that induced by oleic acid, is known to be stable for a 2-to 4-h period after stabilization.
  • Aerosolized saline solution in the inspiratory circuit is used to humidify the inspired air.

noun

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1A solution of salt in water.
Example sentences
  • A saline abortion is a solution of salt saline that is injected into the mothers womb.
  • It compared intravenous fluid replacement with a protein solution made up with albumin versus plain ordinary saline - salt water.
  • The implant may then be filled with saline (salt water) or with a silicone gel.
1.1A saline solution used in medicine.
Example sentences
  • Relegated to serological realms, and with medical practitioners generally using saline, blood-typing was virtually ignored by clinicians.
  • Loss of blood volume is initially counteracted by intravenous saline and later by typed and cross-matched blood transfusion.
  • Sputum induction is a respiratory therapy technique that uses hypertonic saline to induce sputum production.

Origin

late 15th century: from Latin sal 'salt' + -ine1.

More
  • salt from (Old English):

    The root of salt is Latin sal, from which words such as salad, salami (mid 20th century), saline (Late Middle English), and sauce derive. A person who is the salt of the earth is kind, reliable, and honest. The phrase comes from St Matthew's Gospel: ‘Ye are the salt of the earth: but if the salt have lost his savour, wherewith shall it be salted?’ The expression sit below the salt, ‘to be of lower social standing’, goes back to the days when formal dinners were more common and when a person's rank determined where they sat at the table. Long dining tables running the length of the room were the norm, and those of the highest rank sat at the top end of the table, with the others arranged in descending order of status along the remaining length. The salt cellar was usually placed halfway down, and so anyone sitting below it knew they were socially inferior. Salt cellar itself has nothing to do with dark underground storage places. The second element was originally saler, which meant ‘salt box’ on its own. It came through Old French from Latin salarium, which also gave us salary—a salarium was originally a Roman soldier's allowance of money to buy salt. As early as the 15th century people did not fully understand saler and added salt in front of it. Finally it became a complete mystery, and they substituted the familiar cellar ( see cell). Before the invention of the refrigerator food was salted, or treated with salt, to preserve it. This is the idea behind salting away money for future use, an expression that dates from the 1840s.

Derivatives

salinity

1
Pronunciation: /səˈlinitē/
noun
Example sentences
  • We worry about degradation of farmland through salinity and erosion because the price of beef will get too high.
  • The salinity of Aral Sea water increased to such an extent that several areas had the same salinity as the open ocean.
  • Unfortunately in many parts of Kerala, the ground water is unsuitable for use because of salinity.

salinization

2
Pronunciation: /ˌsalənəˈzāSHən/
noun
Example sentences
  • In Australia, the driest continent on Earth, the land is scarred by salinization and in South America the destruction of the rainforest and changing weather patterns has led to drier, less humid conditions with less rainfall.
  • There is a widespread salinization of soils caused either by irrigation which draws salts to the surface in dry areas or else the evaporation of irrigation water that leaves salt in its stead.
  • In India, land irrigated by well water is twice as productive as that fed by canals - these raise the water table excessively, causing water-logging and salinization.

salinize

3
Pronunciation: /ˈsaləˌnīz/
verb
Example sentences
  • Other experts say the Green Revolution's large-scale irrigation systems caused fields to become waterlogged and heavily salinized.
  • In non-salinized plants, root ABA averaged 12-14 ng g - 1 DW, which was similar to levels in plants salinized for 20 h.
  • Several studies compared the effects of chloride and sulfate salts on germination and seedling growth to determine if the results obtained for NaCl-affected soils could be appropriately applied to soils salinized with sulfate salts.

Words that rhyme with saline

mainline

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Pronunciation: ˈɛmjʊləs
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