Definition of sanguine in English:

sanguine

Syllabification: san·guine
Pronunciation: /ˈsaNGɡwən
 
/

adjective

1Optimistic or positive, especially in an apparently bad or difficult situation: he is sanguine about prospects for the global economy the committee takes a more sanguine view
More example sentences
  • The first is pessimism, the conviction that social transformation is, contrary to the sanguine illusions of the optimists, profoundly difficult.
  • The Mexican press has been more sanguine about the prospects for the Zapatistas.
  • DESPITE THIS GOOD NEWS, it is hard to be sanguine about manufacturing's prospects over the long haul.
Synonyms
1.1(In medieval science and medicine) of or having the constitution associated with the predominance of blood among the bodily humors, supposedly marked by a ruddy complexion and an optimistic disposition.
More example sentences
  • Blood predominated in spring, and a person with a natural excess of blood would have a sanguine physical and psychological humoral constitution, or temperament.
  • Jupiter, ruling the sanguine humour from its seat in the liver, is responsible for maintaining the even temper of the humours, thereby facilitating the harmonious flow of Vital Force.
  • So if you've got an excess of black bile, you're melancholy; if there's a lot of blood running through you, you're sanguine.
1.2 archaic (Of the complexion) florid; ruddy.
More example sentences
  • It was his fresh and sanguine complexion, which struck me as a rather bizarre contrast to his flat eyes.
  • Even a sanguine complexion, therefore, did not guarantee rational capacity in a man.
2 literary & Heraldry Blood-red.
More example sentences
  • Instances later, she was a beautiful young maiden with sanguine hair and a scarlet dress.
  • He lay sleeping on his king-sized bed, covered under a crimson sheet with the sanguine hat tilted forward onto the bridge of his nose.
3 archaic Bloody or bloodthirsty.
More example sentences
  • It's terrible that a sword meant to save mankind from tyranny is corrupted to sanguine and destructive ends.

noun

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1A blood-red color.
More example sentences
  • Most artists who have done much life drawing are familiar with sanguine, usually as a color of conté crayon or colored pencil.
1.1A deep red-brown crayon or pencil containing iron oxide.
More example sentences
  • I was aware that sanguine, like the more processed chalks, can be smeared and stomped to create smooth tones; what I didn't know until reading Moore’s article is that the sanguine dust, because it doesn't have the oily binders found in the processed crayons, can be mixed with water to form a kind of ‘ink’, and washed on with a brush or even a pen.
1.2 Heraldry A blood-red stain used in blazoning.
More example sentences
  • Sanguine and tenne, supposedly, were never used in anything else other than abatements.

Origin

Middle English: from Old French sanguin(e) 'blood-red', from Latin sanguineus 'of blood', from sanguis, sanguin- 'blood'.

Derivatives

sanguinely

adverb
More example sentences
  • Of his various outbursts and legal woes, he says sanguinely: ‘He's just very angry right now because I think he realises what he did and there's nothing he can do to change it.’
  • ‘There might be certain issues that will be sorted out,’ he says sanguinely.
  • I have never seen farce more keenly orchestrated and sanguinely enacted, the blatantly laughable always tinged with the bitingly caricatural, the fantastic, and the outrageous, without the slightest loss in basic humanity.

sanguineness

noun
More example sentences
  • Today, the Hinde Studio photos, the same images blown up to large-scale prints, speak to the optimism of the times and our nostalgia for that cheerful sanguineness.
  • Then I think there is also a strong sense in Washington that polls will shortly confirm a relative degree of sanguineness in the nation.
  • Indeed, we have heard this sanguineness before, often just before the next downturn.

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Word of the day anomalous
Pronunciation: əˈnɒm(ə)ləs
adjective
deviating from what is standard, normal, or expected