Definition of saturate in English:

saturate

Syllabification: sat·u·rate

verb

Pronunciation: /ˈsaCHəˌrāt
 
 
/
[with object]
  • 1Cause (something) to become thoroughly soaked with liquid so that no more can be absorbed: the soil is saturated
    More example sentences
    • She grabbed a towel by the sink and turned on the cold water, saturating the towel thoroughly.
    • As the frigid water saturates his jacket and pants, his first instinct is to let out a loud gasp.
    • When using a spray hose, spray low and hold it closely against your pet's coat so water saturates the coat and skin.
    Synonyms
  • 1.1Cause (a substance) to combine with, dissolve, or hold the greatest possible quantity of another substance: the groundwater is saturated with calcium hydroxide
    More example sentences
    • Eventually, the surface of the activated charcoal will be saturated with absorbed pollutants and no further purification will occur.
    • The liqueur is saturated with sugar, so I expected the viscosity to be high, but it also contains 43% alcohol.
    • To be fully active, osteocalcin must be saturated with carboxyl groups, and that's vitamin K's job.
  • 1.2Magnetize or charge (a substance or device) fully.
  • 1.3 Electronics Put (a device) into a state in which no further increase in current is achievable.
  • 1.4 (usually be saturated with) Fill (something or someone) with something until no more can be held or absorbed: they’ve become thoroughly saturated with powerful and seductive messages from the media
    More example sentences
    • Gran opens one of the containers and immediately the dog's nostrils are saturated with a powerful chemical smell.
    • After 45 solid minutes I was totally saturated with information and all sorts of flashing images.
    • Recently, the popular music sector was saturated with boy bands, girl groups and choreographed vocalists in the wake of the fall of grunge.
    Synonyms
  • 1.5Supply (a market) beyond the point at which the demand for a product is satisfied: Japan’s electronics industry began to saturate the world markets
    More example sentences
    • It's the nature of business to take a profitable idea and exploit it until the market is utterly saturated with similar product and demand dries up as a result.
    • With 508 stores in the U.S. and 114 in Canada, the company is perilously close to saturating the market.
    • For instance, the company built on its early success by saturating a local market with multiple locations.
    Synonyms
  • 1.6Overwhelm (an enemy target area) by concentrated bombing.
    More example sentences
    • The grenades burst out from the warhead at 150m from the target, saturating a large area with deadly explosive power.
    • The target area would be saturated, that was certain, but Erik doubted whether it would work or not.

noun

Pronunciation: /-rət
 
/
(usually saturates) Back to top  
  • A saturated fat.
    More example sentences
    • Biscuits, buns, cakes and pastries, puddings, and ice cream could be taxed if they raised cholesterol concentrations but exempt if the ratio of polyunsaturates to saturates were more favourable.
    • For a lot of women, the last thing in the world they need to do is lower their HDL, so an appropriate blend of fat would include some saturates.
    • According to the manufacturer, a 34.5g bag of salt and vinegar crisps contains 11.4g of fat, of which 5.2g are the more harmful saturates.

adjective

Pronunciation: /-rət
 
/
literary Back to top  
  • Saturated with moisture.

Derivatives

saturable

adjective
( • technical )
More example sentences
  • Ceftriaxone is highly protein bound; however, this process is saturable.
  • Relay through titratable sites is characterized by protons binding to titratable sites, which may lead to saturable pH-dependent conductance.
  • Since the uptake of aminoglycosides into renal tubular cells is a saturable process, larger doses would not be expected to be any more nephrotoxic than smaller doses.

Origin

late Middle English (as an adjective in the sense 'satisfied'): from Latin saturat- 'filled, glutted', from the verb saturare, from satur 'full'. The early sense of the verb (mid 16th century) was 'satisfy'; the noun dates from the 1950s.

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