A member of a family of brass instruments with valves and a funnel-shaped mouthpiece, used mainly in military and brass bands.
- Adolphe Sax knew of this instrument when developing the E bass of his saxhorn family of 1845, from which the British tuba ultimately derives.
- Though he did not see fit to employ saxophones in his own works - leaving them to be exploited by such later composers as Bizet, d' Indy and Ravel - the saxhorn family (derived from the valved bugle) features prominently in Les Troyens.
From the name of Charles J. Sax (1791–1865) and his son Antoine-Joseph “Adolphe” Sax (1814–94), Belgian instrument-makers, + horn.
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