The technique of allowing tones and colors to shade gradually into one another, producing softened outlines or hazy forms.
- The landscape is idealised from Leonardo's studies of nature, portrayed with techniques of sfumato and aerial perspective.
- He creates rocky landscape backgrounds with misty atmospheric perspective, using sfumato and chiaroscuro to describe colour transitions.
- The famous smile was achieved through the use of a tonal technique sfumato.
Mid 19th century: Italian, literally 'shaded off', past participle of sfumare.
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