A hereditary commander-in-chief in feudal Japan. Because of the military power concentrated in his hands and the consequent weakness of the nominal head of state (the mikado or emperor), the shogun was generally the real ruler of the country until feudalism was abolished in 1867.
More example sentences
- Over time, these powerful families were, in turn, replaced as the real - but unofficial - locus of power by various shoguns.
- From then effective power lay with the shogun rather than the emperor.
- During the next two centuries, under the leadership of successive shoguns, Japan gradually achieved a stable population and more sustainable rates of resource consumption.
Japanese, from Chinese jiāng jūn 'general'.
- More example sentences
- Yoritomo's kamakura shogunate was replaced in 1333 by the Ashikaga shogunate, but its rule was one of prolonged civil strife.
- During the early part of the 17th century, Japan's shogunate suspected that the traders and missionaries were actually forerunners of a military conquest by European powers.
- The Ashikaga military clan took control of the shogunate and moved its headquarters back to Kyoto, to the Muromachi district of the city.
Pronunciation: /-ɡənit, -ɡəˌnāt/noun