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shrink

Syllabification: shrink
Pronunciation: /SHriNGk
 
/

Definition of shrink in English:

verb (past shrank /SHraNGk/; past participle shrunk /SHrəNGk/ or (especially as adjective) shrunken /ˈSHrəNGkən/)

1Become or make smaller in size or amount; contract or cause to contract: [no object]: the workforce has shrunk to less than a thousand [with object]: the summer sun had shrunk and dried the wood (as adj shrinking) the shrinking market has provoked a massive price war
More example sentences
  • The current bearish stock market, rising energy costs, and shrinking family size would all seem to counter this trend.
  • Chipmakers can cut costs by shrinking the size of their semiconductors and fitting more on a single silicon wafer.
  • Faced with budget deficits when he took office in 1993, Mayor Giuliani refused to raise taxes but instead shrank the size of government and slowly began cutting taxes.
Synonyms
get smaller, become/grow smaller, contract, diminish, lessen, reduce, decrease, dwindle, decline, fall off, drop off
1.1 [no object] (Of clothes or material) become smaller as a result of being immersed in water.
Example sentences
  • Keep in mind the material might shrink slightly.
  • Will the market for printed Japanese materials shrink?
  • Amazingly, when he did, the clothes shrunk before his eyes to form a perfect fit.
1.2 (as adjective shrunken) (Especially of a person’s face or other part of the body) withered, wrinkled, or shriveled through old age or illness: a tiny shrunken face and enormous eyes
More example sentences
  • Her shrunken face is ash white but her eyes burn in recognition.
  • Her arms are stick like and her skin folds down around her shrunken body like a curtain.
  • The intense painting shows three old women with shrunken faces and clad in white.
1.3 [no object] (shrink into oneself) Become withdrawn.
Example sentences
  • Unless these individual Muslims are very exceptional individuals they do as Smith did and shrink into themselves.
  • I think of myself like that when I put the sunglasses on; they make me shrink into myself, and feel half the weight I was earlier that day.
  • I shrink into myself and become sullen and uncommunicative.
1.4 [with object] (shrink something on) Slip a metal tire or other fitting onto (something) while it is expanded with heat and allow it to tighten in place: the metal is unsuitable for shrinking onto wooden staves
2 [no object] Move back or away, especially because of fear or disgust: she shrank away from him, covering her face he shrank back against the wall
More example sentences
  • People no longer winced or shrunk away in fear when she passed, and the teachers no longer completely ignored her.
  • The archive page has moved, and has shrunk dramatically.
  • Although private equity investment in many countries was already shrinking amid fears of a global recession, it has now fallen off a cliff.
Synonyms
draw back, recoil, back away, retreat, withdraw, cringe, cower, quail
2.1 [often with negative] (shrink from) Be averse to or unwilling to do (something difficult or unappealing): I don’t shrink from my responsibilities
More example sentences
  • Because of some obstacle - a constitutional weakness or defect, wrong education, bad experiences, an unsuitable attitude, etc. - one shrinks from the difficulties which life brings.
  • Stiegler does not shrink from this difficulty.
  • It is incredible that they now shrink from removing a leader who nobody seems to think will win one.
Synonyms
recoil from, shy away from, demur from, flinch from, have scruples about, have misgivings about, have qualms about, be loath to, be reluctant to, be unwilling to, be averse to, fight shy of, be hesitant to, be afraid to, hesitate to, balk at

noun

informal Back to top  
A clinical psychologist, psychiatrist, or psychotherapist: you should see a shrink
[from headshrinker]
More example sentences
  • The other man is a shrink at a local psychiatric hospital.
  • Counsellors, shrinks and psychologists are flocking to the disaster sites and the homes of grieving relatives to comfort the hurting, the stunned and the overwhelmed, sometimes with a media crew in tow.
  • There's no question about it - the tax-funded mental health system is merely welfare for the mental health experts, namely shrinks and therapists.

Origin

Old English scrincan, of Germanic origin; related to Swedish skrynka 'to wrinkle'.

Derivatives

shrinkable

1
adjective
Example sentences
  • All those shops selling these goods have to give consumers the assurance that they are fast colour, non shrinkable and correct size.
  • Reverse printed by rotogravure in eight colors, including metallic silver, the Seal-It heat shrinkable sleeve label enhances the product.
  • If the surface soil underlying 208 London Road is a shrinkable clay, then tree management would have provided an effective and economical way of preventing further movement.

shrinker

2
noun

shrinkingly

3
adverb
Example sentences
  • Guercino shrinkingly hid his squint in the shadows of his brow in his self-portrait of about 1625, but it is conspicuous in the later portrait by his nephew Benedetto Gennari in the Mahon Collection.
  • Unlike so many movie shrinks - especially in comedies - he's not older, bearded. has no German accent and doesn't act shrinkingly.
  • She was always shrinkingly modest with me, but what was wrong was that in it there was always a sort of fear, in short she thought herself something insignificant beside me, something almost unseemly in fact.

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