Definition of slump in English:

slump

Syllabification: slump
Pronunciation: /sləmp
 
/

verb

[no object]
  • 1 [with adverbial] Sit, lean, or fall heavily and limply, especially with a bent back: she slumped against the cushions (be slumped) Denis was slumped in his seat
    More example sentences
    • Kait sighed and slumped her shoulders, leaning her forehead against the door frame.
    • He slumped heavily into his armchair and busied himself with his smoking accoutrements.
    • As his shoulders slumped again, David leaned forward and took his face in his hands.
    Synonyms
    sit heavily, flop, flump, collapse, sink, fall
    informal plunk oneself
  • 2Undergo a sudden severe or prolonged fall in price, value, or amount: land prices slumped
    More example sentences
    • When growth slowed, and share prices slumped, they were unable to raise money for further expansion.
    • The idea was to build up a substantial European mining company but copper prices slumped in 1997.
    • As commodities such as coffee or soya flooded into the world market, prices slumped, causing more economic chaos.
    Synonyms
    fall steeply, plummet, tumble, drop, go down
    informal crash, nosedive
  • 2.1Fail or decline substantially: the Giants slumped to an 8-8 record
    More example sentences
    • However, he slumped to a 75, Westwood shot 65 and beat his friend by three clear strokes.
    • However, Saunders' side slumped to a 2-1 defeat in a match that proved just how fickle they were.
    • Three of the top four in the A Section must be cursing their luck, as they slumped to defeats against opposition from the wrong half of the table.
    Synonyms

noun

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  • 1A sudden severe or prolonged fall in the price, value, or amount of something: a slump in annual profits
    More example sentences
    • Niedermeier attributed the slump to the price falls in most local shares.
    • These have been compounded by the huge slump in share price values that most analysts predict will not be recovered.
    • Also, a slump in property prices could mean your retirement taking a big hit, or being forced to wait until the housing market recovers.
    Synonyms
    steep fall, drop, tumble, downturn, downswing, slide
    informal decline, decrease, nosedive
  • 1.1A prolonged period of abnormally low economic activity, typically bringing widespread unemployment.
    More example sentences
    • The world was mired in economic slump, which brought with it mass unemployment and wage cuts.
    • The domestic economy is in a slump, and unemployment in Hualien is particularly serious.
    • Two things did more than anything to usher in a new upturn in struggle - the black nationalist message of Marcus Garvey and the economic slump of the Great Depression.
    Synonyms
    recession, economic decline, depression, slowdown, stagnation
  • 1.2A period of substantial failure or decline: the organization’s recent slump
    More example sentences
    • The station has seen a recent slump in numbers due to people leaving through retirement or ill health.
    • Hundreds of thousands of tourists flock to the area each year and despite the recent slump in tourism local hoteliers are reaping the benefits of Sundberg's visit.
    • The grouse population has traditionally been prone to yearly fluctuations, but global warming is being blamed in some quarters for a sustained slump in numbers.

Derivatives

slumpy

adjective
More example sentences
  • Pity the young, for whose benefit they marched, for what are they to do in a free market that considers them excess labour in a slumpy economy?
  • Where should we put our money then to save for retirement if a slumpy economy comes to pass?
  • His spent his off season shipping of the slugger for the scrappy but slumpy speedster.

Origin

late 17th century (in the sense 'fall into a bog'): probably imitative and related to Norwegian slumpe 'to fall'.

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