There are 2 definitions of soma in English:

soma1

Syllabification: so·ma
Pronunciation: /ˈsōmə
 
/

noun

[usually in singular] Biology
1The parts of an organism other than the reproductive cells.
More example sentences
  • In this asymmetric cell division, the mother cell represents the soma and the daughter cell the germline.
  • We show that two sex-determination signals, the X chromosome number within the germ cells and a female soma, differentially regulate ovo-B and ovo-A.
  • We find that 2X germ cells express high levels of ovo-B regardless of the sexual identity of either the surrounding soma or the germ cells themselves.
1.1The body as distinct from the soul, mind, or psyche.
More example sentences
  • There is a definite relationship between the psyche and the soma (mind and the body).
  • The Greek background includes the idea that the psyche separates from the soma, ‘body,’ at death and lives on.
  • They discuss the importance of using this expanded system to increase the physician's understanding of the complex interplay between the soma, the psyche and the social milieu of the patient.

Origin

late 19th century: from Greek sōma 'body'.

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Word of the day grammarian
Pronunciation: grəˈmɛːrɪən
noun
a person who studies and writes about grammar

There are 2 definitions of soma in English:

soma2

Syllabification: so·ma
Pronunciation: /
 
ˈsōmə/

noun

Hinduism
1An intoxicating drink prepared from a plant and used in Vedic ritual, believed to be the drink of the gods.
More example sentences
  • Fire worship was central to the Aryans and to their Vedic and Avestan expressions, as was the tradition of the holy drink - the Vedic soma and the Avestan haoma.
  • The horse sacrifice, soma sacrifice, agricultural rituals and coronation of kings follow a ceremonial ritual that are explained in the Yajur Veda, mainly for the Brahmin class to follow and implement.
  • In India, the religious use of a psychedelic called soma was featured in the Rig Veda and entheogens have been a part of south Asian religious practice for millennia.
1.1 (also soma plant) The plant from which the soma drink is prepared. See hom.
More example sentences
  • Soma is much praised in the g Veda, in which is told the myth of the discovery of the soma plant in Heaven.
  • He ate up the soma plant of sage Medhatithi who called him Mesha thereafter.
  • The latest blight has nearly wiped out the river grass that soma is extracted from.
1.2(In Aldous Huxley’s novel Brave New World) a narcotic drug which produces euphoria and hallucination, distributed by the state in order to promote content and social harmony.
More example sentences
  • The people, for whom the media is " soma ", are hapless vessels of their message.

Origin

Sanskrit sōma.

More definitions of soma

Definition of soma in:

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Word of the day grammarian
Pronunciation: grəˈmɛːrɪən
noun
a person who studies and writes about grammar