Share this entry

Share this page


Syllabification: sple·ni·us
Pronunciation: /ˈsplēnēəs
(also splenius muscle)

Definition of splenius in English:

noun (plural splenii /-nēˌī/)

Any of two pairs of muscles attached to the vertebrae in the neck and upper back that draw back the head.
Example sentences
  • Rhomboideus-occipitalis passes between trapezius and splenius to reach the occipital bone.
  • The patient underwent magnetic resonance imaging with contrast, which showed the mass to be well circumscribed and located between the right splenius and semispinalis cervicis muscles.
  • The splenius represents a superficial prolongation of the lateral column of muscle to the head.


mid 18th century: modern Latin, from Greek splēnion 'bandage'.

Definition of splenius in:

Share this entry

Share this page


What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove adverts and access premium resources

Top searches

= trending
Word of the day vicarious
Pronunciation: vɪˈkɛːrɪəs
experienced in the imagination through another person's feelings…