Definition of splenius in English:

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Pronunciation: /ˈsplēnēəs/
(also splenius muscle)

noun (plural splenii /-nēˌī/)

Any of two pairs of muscles attached to the vertebrae in the neck and upper back that draw back the head.
Example sentences
  • Rhomboideus-occipitalis passes between trapezius and splenius to reach the occipital bone.
  • The patient underwent magnetic resonance imaging with contrast, which showed the mass to be well circumscribed and located between the right splenius and semispinalis cervicis muscles.
  • The splenius represents a superficial prolongation of the lateral column of muscle to the head.


Mid 18th century: modern Latin, from Greek splēnion 'bandage'.

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