Definition of stoicism in English:
1The endurance of pain or hardship without a display of feelings and without complaint.
- The British public, and particularly those in London, have been rightly praised for drawing on reserves of stoicism and endurance.
- Others will display stoicism, and still others would prefer to go fishing.
- Past generations had much worse to deal with, but showed stoicism, forbearance and fortitude.
2 (Stoicism) An ancient Greek school of philosophy founded at Athens by Zeno of Citium. The school taught that virtue, the highest good, is based on knowledge, and that the wise live in harmony with the divine Reason (also identified with Fate and Providence) that governs nature, and are indifferent to the vicissitudes of fortune and to pleasure and pain.
- The founder of Stoicism, Zeno of Citium, developed a systematic and elaborate metaphysics, ethics, and epistemology.
- In the face of the demands of the state for outward conformity, freedom can only be found by retreating into oneself, by taking refuge in a philosophy such as Stoicism, Epicureanism, or Scepticism.
- Zeno's writings established Stoicism as a set of ideas articulated into three parts: logic, physics, and ethics.