- 1A person or thing acting or serving in place of another: soy milk is used as a substitute for dairy milkMore example sentences
- There is no substitute for immediate political intervention to diffuse this crisis.
- Real-time data informing the passenger of poor service availability is no substitute for improved service availability.
- No substitute for experience exists, though, and I certainly will not make the same mistake again.
- 1.1A sports player nominated as eligible to replace another after a game has begun.More example sentences
- Each team will comprise of 5 players and two substitutes and games begin at 9.30 am prompt.
- Parsley again goes into a cup match without a substitute goalkeeper.
- On an earlier occasion, I suggested that if a player is injured and unable to take part, a substitute should replace the injured man and take part in the game without any restrictions whatsoever.
- 1.2 Psychology A person or thing that becomes the object of love or other emotion deprived of its natural outlet: a father substituteMore example sentences
- The instructor had been an older man and someone that Carl had seen as a father figure, a substitute to fill part of a missing piece of his life.
- Before World War II, the single mother remained within her family circle, where a grandfather or uncle could become a substitute father.
- Victorio is dispassionate and controlling as the substitute father figure.
verb[with object] Back to top
- 1Use or add in place of: dried rosemary can be substituted for the fresh herbMore example sentences
- Plastic mesh can be substituted for the wire mesh.
- The stem bark yields quality fibre that may be substituted for jute, but is stated to be of no advantage over jute.
- It could also save the lives of laboratory mice because chicken eggs and embryos share many genes and biochemical pathways with mammals, so they can be substituted for live animals in experiments.
- 1.1 [no object] Act or serve as a substitute: I found someone to substitute for meMore example sentences
- Bananas are a good alternative to potatoes as a source of potassium, and citrus fruits can substitute for broccoli to cover vitamin C requirements.
- Unmanned air surface and undersea vehicles can substitute for the loss of a number of ships, but not for all of them.
- Insurers have guaranteed schools that non-teaching staff employed to patrol school property or to substitute for staff on uncertified sick leave will be covered.
- 1.2Replace (someone or something) with another: customs officers substituted the drugs with another substance this was substituted by a new clauseMore example sentences
- Just as well I did, too, because a clerical error had substituted a different model than the one I chose.
- The next day I tell Mike I will look at the photos and try to identify them if they will substitute different photos for any that depict Jamal.
- These are merely guidelines; substitute different grains, fruits and nuts as you wish.
- 1.3Replace (a sports player) with a substitute during a contest: he was substituted for Nichols in the fifth inningMore example sentences
- The Bradford man was able to continue but the Town player had to be substituted.
- And on a night when nothing went right for the Shakers, an assistant even managed to substitute the wrong player.
- Solid depth means the Cowboys can substitute three players at a time and remain strong.
- 1.4 Chemistry Replace (an atom or group in a molecule, especially a hydrogen atom) with another.More example sentences
- The presence of electron-donating amino or substituted amino groups in a molecule generally makes it a good electron donor.
- In anaerobic environments, some bacteria are able to substitute metal ions for molecular oxygen in the process of respiration.
- At the second and third carbon atoms, instead of a full complement of hydrogens, each carbon atom would have a methyl group substituting one of the carbons.
- 1.5 (as adjective substituted) Chemistry (Of a compound) in which one or more hydrogen atoms have been replaced by other atoms or groups: a substituted alkaloidMore example sentences
- For example, if the longest chain were found to be five carbon atoms, then the compound would be identified as a substituted pentane.
- The side chains of the substituted residues easily accommodate in the dimer interlace.
- One possibility is to dissolve the spent fuel in an ionic liquid, such as a substituted pyridinium nitrate, then separate out components of the fuel in solution.
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- The lower the degree of substitutability, the greater the risk of harm caused by committed-use contracts.
- Sappho moves towards the abstract by employing the substitutability of things, people, shops.
- The greater productivity and lack of perfect substitutability for the traditional teaching material gives these materials the potential to substantially enhance learning.
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- For example, researchers may wish to develop studies designed to identify reinforcers both within and outside of abusive relationships that have either a substitutable or complementary relationship.
- The differences may be in features, price, functionality, or anything else human ingenuity can devise. The goal in economic terms is to make a set of similar goods less substitutable for each other.
- Alternatively, to what degree are racial, citizenship, and gender categories more or less substitutable markers, buttresses reinforcing inequality, used to justify relegation to the lower ranks?
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- Although such a substitutive mode of representation is familiar enough from, for example, museums dealing with twentieth-century history, its effect here is to return attention to the ‘nature’ of the objects as substitutes.
- They are therefore substitutive, and it is important to study their ‘conditions of presentation’ and ‘the relations of those conditions to our own spatiotemporality’.
- The pleasures of horror, dependent as they are upon the effects of the repressed, may involve temporary substitutive satisfactions - much like neurotic activity.
late Middle English (denoting a deputy or delegate): from Latin substitutus 'put in place of', past participle of substituere, based on statuere 'set up'.
Traditionally, the verb substitute is followed by for and means ‘put (someone or something) in place of another,’ as in she substituted the fake vase for the real one . From the late 17th century, substitute has also been used to mean ‘replace (someone or something) with someone or something else,’ as in she substituted the real vase with the fake one . This can be confusing, since the two sentences shown above mean the same thing, yet the object of the verb and the object of the preposition have swapped positions. Despite the potential confusion, the second, newer use is well established, especially in some scientific contexts and in sports ( the top scorer was substituted with almost half an hour still to play ), and is now generally regarded as part of standard English.