- Unnecessary, superfluous comments waste time and try the patience of participants.
- The use of weapons which cause superfluous injury or unnecessary suffering is similarly prohibited.
- Z was always thought to be a superfluous, unnecessary letter.
- Example sentences
- She scrupulously avoids over-enthusiasm, or superfluously imaginative ‘reconstructions’, and in sticking firmly and respectfully to what is known, leaves scrutiny of Johnson's character to the reader's discretion.
- Then, superfluously, he adds: ‘But I never go to parties.’
- ‘I've always been rather dramatic,’ she says, a touch superfluously.
- Example sentences
- This was not an ordinary injustice. It was an extraordinary injustice. The premise of terrorism is the sheer superfluousness of human life. This premise is inconsistent with civilized living anywhere.
- Speaking of which, it also contains moments of brilliant superfluousness: ‘It was very dark inside the fish,’ the second paragraph enigmatically begins.
- In England, alongside the ethos of the middle class, an aristocratic attitude was very much alive, disdaining usefulness and regarding superfluousness as the mark of the lady and gentleman.
Late Middle English: from Latin superfluus, from super- 'over' + fluere 'to flow'.
affluent from Late Middle English:
From Latin affluere ‘flow towards’, affluent was originally used to describe water either flowing towards a place or flowing freely without any restriction. It later came to mean ‘abundant’ and then ‘wealthy’, a meaning which dates from the mid 18th century. Related words, all based on Latin fluere ‘to flow’ are fluent (late 16th century) and fluid (Late Middle English); flume (Middle English) originally a stream; flux (Late Middle English) a state of flowing; effluent (Late Middle English) something that flows out; and superfluous (Late Middle English) ‘overflowing’.
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