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suppose

Syllabification: sup·pose
Pronunciation: /səˈpōz
 
/

Definition of suppose in English:

verb

1 [with clause] Assume that something is the case on the basis of evidence or probability but without proof or certain knowledge: I suppose I got there about half past eleven
More example sentences
  • You could make arguments on this basis, I suppose, on either side.
  • I'm shocked that it has come to this but I suppose the evidence has been there for a long time that this day would come.
  • I suppose she assumed I would bust into tears again at any moment.
Synonyms
assume, presume, expect, dare say, take it (as read);
believe, think, fancy, suspect, sense, trust;
formal opine
apparent, ostensible, seeming, alleged, putative, reputed, rumored, claimed, purported;
professed, declared, assumed, presumed
1.1Used to make a reluctant or hesitant admission: I’m quite a good actress, I suppose
More example sentences
  • If I were a real die-hard, there'd be no hesitation, I suppose; I don't love any popular icon that much.
  • I suppose I better leave it here tonight and let sleep work on it.
  • I suppose in a way it's easier for women than for men.
Synonyms
assume, imagine, (let's) say;
hypothesize, theorize, speculate
1.2Used to introduce a hypothesis and trace or ask about what follows from it: suppose he had been murdered—what then?
More example sentences
  • Suppose that adoption has never previously been practised in our society, and suppose that someone proposes introducing it.
  • To take a hypothetical case, suppose that, on day one, an unlawful trading activity starts which is not disclosed or prevented as a result of the defendant's negligence.
  • Finally, suppose that we hypothesize that there are races, and that the correct racial classification has a certain form.
1.3 [in imperative] Used to introduce a suggestion: suppose we leave this to the police
More example sentences
  • First, suppose we are conducting an appraisal of a policy to introduce a tax on nitrogen fertilizers to reduce nitrate pollution in sensitive lakes and rivers.
  • Now suppose for a moment that tomorrow the Bush administration made a dramatic shift in its foreign policy.
1.4(Of a theory or argument) assume or require that something is the case as a precondition: the procedure supposes that a will has already been proved [with object]: the theory supposes a predisposition to interpret utterances
More example sentences
  • The theory supposes that, while different people can possess some different beliefs about race, they share certain criterial beliefs and these serve to define the concept.
  • Rational-actor theory supposes that we make decisions by calm, essentially mathematical calculation of our own self-interest.
  • Presentism and the growing-past theories must suppose that this event is both real and unreal because it's real for A but not real for B.
Synonyms
require, presuppose, imply, assume;
call for, need
1.5 [with object] Believe to exist or to possess a specified characteristic: he supposed the girl to be about twelve
2 (be supposed to do something) Be required to do something because of the position one is in or an agreement one has made: I’m supposed to be meeting someone at the airport
More example sentences
  • I thought these sessions were supposed to have a positive effect, if anything.
  • Shawn pulled up to the abandoned building where the gang meeting was supposed to be.
  • The consulting contract is supposed to reflect a meeting of the minds between the parties.
Synonyms
meant, intended, expected;
required, obliged
2.1 [with negative] Be forbidden to do something: I shouldn’t have been in the kitchen—I’m not supposed to go in there
More example sentences
  • In iconography and metaphor, women figured as symbols of knowledge, or as the object of knowledge, but in practical terms, they were not supposed to conduct scientific investigation themselves.
  • We saw glimpses of this in the 1980s with the invention of the fax machine, which more or less removed the mass media's ability to bury a story that the people were not supposed to know about.
  • Women were not supposed to work outside the home.

Origin

Middle English: from Old French supposer, from Latin supponere (from sub- 'from below' + ponere 'to place'), but influenced by Latin suppositus 'set under' and Old French poser 'to place'.

More
  • compost from (Late Middle English):

    Garden compost and fruit compôte do not seem to have much in common, but they both derive from French compôte ‘stewed fruit’. This comes from Old French composte, from Latin compositum ‘something put together’—source of compose (Late Middle English) and decompose (mid 18th century), composition (Late Middle English), and component (mid 17th century). Compost has been used in the gardening sense since the late 16th century. The Latin word was formed from com- ‘with’ and the irregular verb ponere ‘put, place’. From this we also get impose (Late Middle English) ‘place (up)on’; oppose (Late Middle English) ‘place against’; positive and posture (late 16th century); preposition (Late Middle English) something put in front, and suppose (Middle English) literally something placed from below.

Phrases

I suppose so

1
Used to express hesitant or reluctant agreement.
Example sentences
  • ‘Um, I suppose so,’ he answers, a bit uncertain.
  • ‘I'd never really thought about it that way,’ said Brother Daniel, ‘but I suppose so, yes.’
  • Um, I suppose so, though I haven't made any plans.

Derivatives

supposable

1
adjective
Example sentences
  • We went on separate sides of the room and wrote down the supposable secret.

Definition of suppose in:

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