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sweat

Syllabification: sweat
Pronunciation: /swet
 
/

Definition of sweat in English:

noun

1Moisture exuded through the pores of the skin, typically in profuse quantities as a reaction to heat, physical exertion, fever, or fear.
Example sentences
  • Too much heat and sweat can make your skin more irritated and itchy.
  • Wearing moisture-wicking synthetic fabrics that draw sweat away from the skin and allow heat to escape can be a significant help.
  • Although there is a sensation of heat, evaporation of sweat from the forehead and chest results in a drop in temperature in these areas.
Synonyms
1.1An instance of exuding moisture through the pores of the skin: even thinking about him made me break out in a sweat we’d all worked up a sweat in spite of the cold
More example sentences
  • Arthur conceded that he would need another fight before tackling Gomez again sometime later this year as he barely worked up a sweat in last night's encounter.
  • Do these people ever wake in the middle of the night and break out in a sweat thinking about what they have done?
  • The red-faced Prince appeared in his element despite the watching media crews as he worked up a sweat running around the pitch with about a dozen fellow players.
1.2 informal A state of flustered anxiety or distress: I don’t believe he’d get into such a sweat about a girl
Synonyms
fluster, panic, frenzy, fever, pother
informal state, flap, tizzy, dither, stew, lather
1.3 informal Hard work; effort: computer graphics take a lot of the sweat out of animation
More example sentences
  • You can only do it with a lot of sweat, working hard, and throwing stuff away.
  • Remember it took four hard years of sweat and tears for this Armagh side to achieve the ultimate prize in Gaelic football which proves that perseverance does pay off.
  • May I wish the youth of India whose purposeful hard work with sweat will be a major transforming force for prosperous India.
Synonyms
labor, hard work, toil(s), effort(s), exertion(s), industry, drudgery, slog
informal grind, elbow grease
2 (sweats) chiefly North American informal term for sweatsuit or sweatpants.
Example sentences
  • Noticing he was dressed in sweats and a sweat shirt, she commented ‘I take it you don't have to go into the office today.’
  • Young children's clothes and hand towels go on the middle layer and the top rack is for towels, jeans, pillow cases, sweaters, sweats, pajama bottoms and t-shirts.
  • I pull out a pair of socks, sweats, a shirt and sweatshirt.
2.1 [as modifier] Denoting loose casual garments made of thick, fleecy cotton: sweat tops and bottoms
More example sentences
  • His eyes flew back to Roxie, briefly roaming her slim body that was clad in a black tank top and gray sweat capris.
  • Slouchy hooded sweat tops, wool hats and scooter jackets form the mainstay of this skatey collection.
  • Geneva surveyed Ian stretching and noticed the slightly dampened from sweat white cotton shirt clinging to his brawny chest.

verb (sweats, sweating; past sweated or sweat)

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1 [no object] Exude sweat: he was sweating profusely
More example sentences
  • As Marvin, the obese Ron Orbach sweats profusely but exudes quite a bit less humor.
  • Besides the environmental changes, which can make us, sweat, hormonal or emotional stimuli can cause sweating.
  • I'm flexing hard and sweating profusely but never breaking my smile.
1.1 [with object] (sweat something out/off) Get rid of (something) from the body by exuding sweat: a well-hydrated body sweats out waste products more efficiently
More example sentences
  • Sometimes you get sick because of the build up of toxins over time. Your body sweats the toxins out and purifies you in an effort.
  • The beauty treatment begins with a skin-brushing, proceeds with an algae all-over body mask (to sweat toxins out) and finishes with a soporific scalp massage.
1.2 [with object] Cause (a person or animal) to exude sweat by exercise or exertion: cold as it was, the climb had sweated him
More example sentences
  • Well, you know, this bodyguard, I tell you, I think they're going to sweat him now.
1.3(Of food or an object) ooze or exude beads of moisture onto its surface: cheese stored at room temperature will quickly begin to sweat
More example sentences
  • Meat sweats in those packets and loses freshness.
  • Creams will sweat or soften with excessive exposure to heat, so store properly.
  • It is, on the face of it, a mute slab of pinkish grey meat sweating lightly in its clingfilm wrapper, a lacklustre staple of our English diet with nothing much to say for itself.
1.4(Of a person) exert a great deal of strenuous effort: I’ve sweated over this for six months
More example sentences
  • I myself have a claim that I have sweated over for the last year.
  • A draft need not be a complete version of a story that a writer has sweated over for hours and that an editor has red-pencilled or responded to with noteface comments.
  • Terry had sweated over Sonya for two years and in that time he had spoken to her only twice.
Synonyms
work (hard), work like a Trojan, labor, toil, slog, slave, work one's fingers to the bone
informal plug away
archaic drudge
1.5(Of a person) be or remain in a state of extreme anxiety, typically for a prolonged period: I let her sweat for a while, then I asked her out again
1.6 [with object] North American informal Worry about (something): he’s not going to have a lot of time to sweat the details
More example sentences
  • To my mind, the ‘right’ thing is to give these countries the access they need and not sweat the details.
  • You tell Lindsay not to sweat it - the whole thing is bound to blow over in a week or two.
  • Pay attention to these basics, and don't sweat the details too soon.
Synonyms
worry, agonize, fuss, panic, fret, lose sleep
informal be on pins and needles, be in a state, be in a flap, be in a stew, torture oneself, torment oneself
2 [with object] Heat (chopped vegetables) slowly in a pan with a small amount of fat, so that they cook in their own juices: sweat the celery and onions with olive oil and seasoning
More example sentences
  • Heat 50g of the butter and a little olive oil in a casserole, then, over a medium heat, sweat the onions and garlic for five minutes.
  • Meanwhile, back on the other side of the kitchen, you want to slowly sweat a thinly-sliced onion in a couple of ounces of butter.
  • Transfer from the pan to a bowl, stir in the rosemary and place to one side. Heat 1 tbsp of the oil in the frying pan and sweat the onion until soft and translucent.
2.1 [no object] (Of chopped vegetables) be cooked by sweating: let the chopped onion sweat gently for five minutes
More example sentences
  • Cover the pot with a lid so the vegetables sweat and soften without colouring, then pour in the stock and bring to the boil.
  • Vegetables are allowed to sweat and cook in their own moisture and the results are remarkable.
  • Put the lid on and, keeping the heat low, allow the vegetables to sweat gently and release their juices - this should take about 10 minutes.
3 [with object] Subject (metal) to surface melting, especially to fasten or join by solder without a soldering iron: the tire is sweated onto the wooden parts

Origin

Old English swāt (noun), swǣtan (verb), of Germanic origin; related to Dutch zweet and German Schweiss, from an Indo-European root shared by Latin sudor.

Phrases

break a sweat

1
informal Exert oneself physically.
Example sentences
  • He has certainly struggled to break sweat against the calibre of opponent trying to halt his progress thus far this week.
  • They began against a novice England side at Twickenham and hardly broke sweat in winning 19-3.
  • After half-an-hour he lost Roy Keane, but they still hardly broke sweat as they swept their rivals aside with ease.

by the sweat of one's brow

2
By one’s own hard work, typically manual labor.
Example sentences
  • Genesis chapter 3 deals with the fall of humankind and the curse that ‘by the sweat of your brow’ humans would have to work hard and long.
  • I've earned a break, too, not by the sweat of my brow but as reward for all the tea, coffee and ‘hold this for a minute, would you’ tasks that have been my main contribution to the project.
  • I'm lucky to have a gap, of course, even though I created that gap during my working life, by the sweat of my brow and by saving a little every month, year after year.

don't sweat it

3
Used to urge someone not to worry.
Example sentences
  • And if it's rejection you're worried about, then don't sweat it.
  • If your deal is that you don't have a crush, don't sweat it.
  • And I don't know that that's what they're doing, but nevertheless, don't sweat it.

no sweat

4
informal Used to convey that one perceives no difficulty or problem with something: “We haven’t any decaf, I’m afraid.” “No sweat.”
More example sentences
  • I think he is lulled into complacency by the fact that I so far have had a whole lot of baby-wrangling experience, and therefore have everything under control, no sweat.
  • Take a deep breath, and tell yourself, ‘I'm smart and strong enough to handle this - no sweat!’
  • I was able to cover the three hundred dollar rent and second mouth to feed no sweat, and Jack and I co-existed in clueless dysfunction for about four months.

sweat blood

5
informal Make an extraordinarily strenuous effort to do something: she’s sweated blood to support her family
5.1Be extremely anxious: we’ve been sweating blood over the question of what is right

sweat buckets

6
informal Sweat profusely.
Example sentences
  • Michelle Rodriguez sneers the whole way though while sweating buckets of blood and perspiration.
  • If I get dressed for sub-zero temperatures, complete with gloves so I can scrape my car out from under the ice, by afternoon I am sweating buckets because I'd be better off in a T-shirt.
  • In practice, it involved falling down ravines, getting flayed by sharp vegetation and sweating buckets - sort of like Eco Challenge for the chronically unfit.

sweat bullets

7
North American informal Be extremely anxious or nervous.
Example sentences
  • I had read that she should be smiling at me by the fourth week, and at the end of last week I was sweating bullets that she might not reach this milestone on time.
  • Here's something that has network news executives sweating bullets.
  • When two such diametrically opposed yet astute observers agree, you can bet the politicians are sweating bullets.

sweat it out

8
informal Endure an unpleasant experience, typically one involving physical exertion in great heat: about 1,500 runners are expected to sweat it out in this year’s run
8.1Wait in a state of extreme anxiety for something to happen or be resolved: he sweated it out until the lab report was back

sweat the small stuff

9
US informal Worry about trivial things.
Example sentences
  • I learned to make everything fun, not to sweat the small stuff, analyse worries, consider the options, choose one, stop worrying and get on with my life.
  • He said it all the time, as if to remind his kids that life is too short to sweat the small stuff.
  • She no longer sweats the small stuff, and instead of trying to manage the way her male counterparts do, she allows feminine compassion to flow into the workplace - which, she says, has made her a better leader.

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Word of the day prepotent
Pronunciation: prɪˈpəʊt(ə)nt
adjective
greater than others in power or influence