Definition of Targum in English:

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Pronunciation: /ˈtärˌɡo͝om/ Pronunciation: /-ˌɡo͞om/


An ancient Aramaic paraphrase or interpretation of the Hebrew Bible, of a type made from about the 1st century ad when Hebrew was declining as a spoken language.
Example sentences
  • His father told him, "The Targum interprets living soul as a speaking spirit."
  • The Targum, the traditional Aramaic translation of the Bible, explains this phrase as meaning "the One Who unites heaven and earth."
  • Many have interpreted the seed in this verse as the Messiah, including the Jewish Targums, hence the Talmudic expression ‘heels of the Messiah’.


From Aramaic targūm 'interpretation'.

For editors and proofreaders

Syllabification: Tar·gum

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