noun[treated as singular or plural]
The first two estates were formerly represented by the clergy, and the barons and knights; later the Lords spiritual and the Lords temporal
- The remainder of the population belonged to the third estate, whose social and economic status varied considerably.
- The discourse about social level that is invoked here has little to do with the old diagram of the three orders of society: aristocracy, clergy, and third estate.
- Besides, petty judges and advocates were the only members of the third estate with wide experience of public life, and the confidence to speak out which it bred.
1.1 (the Third Estate) The French bourgeoisie and working class before the French Revolution.
Translating French le tiers état
- On June 17, 1789, the Third Estate began the French Revolution by declaring itself a National Assembly.
- And still, all major branches of the French government outside the Third Estate rejected these reforms.
- The Estates General lasted only a little over a month before the leaders of the Third Estate (the bourgeoisie, artisans, and peasantry) transformed it into a National Assembly and took political power from the monarchy.
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