We can use adverbials and adverbial clauses to show time.AdverbialsAdverbials are a common way of indicating when something happened. They may be:adverbs:“How are you feeling?” asked Michael afterward. Common time adverbs are:
adverbial phrases: these are phrases built up on an adverb. For example:shortly afterward almost daily much earlier Much later I asked, “Do you still miss Simon a lot?”
prepositional phrases:D. Long will report back after the Tokyo meeting.
Prepositional phrases used as time adverbials often begin with:
Adverbial clausesAdverbial clauses of time are introduced by subordinating conjunctions including:
They can be used to describe events that happen: before the event in the main clause:When they heard the news, they issued statements.
at the same time as the event in the main clause:While this was being done, Orsini and Higgins found a shortcut down to the road.
after the event in the main clause:It came out of the blue before he knew he was famous.