A high explosive formed from toluene by substitution of nitro groups for three hydrogen atoms. It is relatively insensitive to shock and can be conveniently melted.
- Alternative name: trinitrotoluene; chemical formula: C7H5(NO2)3.
- In combination with nitric acid, toluene gives trinitrotoluene.
- Nitric acid is used in the production of fertilizers (after the nitric acid is turned into ammonium nitrate), dyes, explosives [including trinitrotoluene (TNT)], various polymers (such as nylon and terylene), and some drugs.
- Commerically important nitro compounds include nitrobenzene; nitrotoluenes; dinitrobenzenes; nitrochlorobenzenes; 2,4, 6 - trinitrotoluene (better known as the explosive TNT); nitroglycerin, and picric acid.
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