Definition of traction in English:

traction

Syllabification: trac·tion
Pronunciation: /ˈtrakSHən
 
/

noun

  • 1The action of drawing or pulling a thing over a surface, especially a road or track: a primitive vehicle used in animal traction
    More example sentences
    • Loss of animal traction resulted in decreased production intensity, as did loss of labor power through migration, conscription, and death.
    • Most Romano-British farmsteads were mixed, dependent on animals for manure, traction, dairy products, wool, hides, and meat.
    • To facilitate animal traction, migrants cut down big trees, cleared bamboo bushes, and uprooted stumps.
  • 1.1Motive power provided for movement, especially on a railroad: the changeover to diesel and electric traction
    More example sentences
    • Mourning in anticipation, 71 railway enthusiasts took steam's eclipse by diesel and electric traction to be history's greatest betrayal.
    • Pictures, diagrams, tables and models are used to explain the evolution of engines from steam through diesel to electric traction.
    • It made little difference whether the rolling stock in question was for high or low-speed operation or whether it was made use of diesel or electric traction.
  • 1.2Locomotives collectively.
    More example sentences
    • Colin, a retired traction and rolling stock engineer, and his wife aim to complete more than 30,000 miles of their epic odyssey by train.
    • The interactive museum would have featured all elements of steam technology from steam boats to steam traction and trains.
    • It's pulled by a diesel engine today but there is a strong movement to reintroduce steam traction.
  • 2The grip of a tire on a road or a wheel on a rail: his car hit a patch of ice and lost traction
    More example sentences
    • On a simple two-wheel drive car, traction control selects the wheel with the most grip in a loss-of-grip situation and gives it more power.
    • Also standard are dual-stage driver and front-passenger airbags and traction control.
    • Alloy wheels, traction control and a cassette player come as standard.
    Synonyms
    grip, purchase, friction, adhesion
  • 3The extent to which a product, idea, etc., gains popularity or acceptance: analysts predicted that the technology would rapidly gain traction in the corporate market if a film got a little traction, a wider release could be negotiated
    More example sentences
    • The advocates of disengagement have yet to gain traction.
    • Not only are introductions in order, you should also give the fresh acquaintances a little traction to get their friendship rolling merrily along.
    • His approach has started to gain traction in Europe.
  • 4 Medicine The application of a sustained pull on a limb or muscle, especially in order to maintain the position of a fractured bone or to correct a deformity: his leg is in traction
    More example sentences
    • Dancers now jump higher, pirouette more times - more than the naked eye can count - and spend hours in traction to stretch their limbs and torsos a centimetre or two more.
    • The new Hodgen splint held a limb in traction while a wound was dressed, a critical innovation on the battlefield.
    • The procedure still requires a major surgery to insert the pins and rods to hold the bones in traction.

Origin

late Middle English (denoting contraction, such as that of a muscle): from French, or from medieval Latin traction-, from Latin trahere 'draw, pull'. Current senses date from the early 19th century.

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