A highly contagious rickettsial disease transmitted by lice, that infected soldiers in the trenches in World War I.
- The body louse, Pediculus humanus corporis, is a vector of epidemic typhus, trench fever, and relapsing fever.
- Body lice may transmit typhus and trench fever.
- B quintana, transmitted by the human body louse, causes trench fever, characterised by fever, rash, bone pain, and splenomegaly.
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