Definition of triterpene in English:

Share this entry

triterpene

Pronunciation: /trīˈtərpēn/

noun

Chemistry
Any of a group of terpenes found in plant gums and resins, having unsaturated molecules based on a unit with the formula C30H48.
Example sentences
  • The leaves of the plant contain alkaloids, glycosides, triterpenes, tannins, volatile bases and probably other substances.
  • Cucurbitacins are oxygenated tetracyclic triterpenes that have been shown to have emetic, antineoplastic, and cytotoxic effects on herbivores, resulting in feeding and oviposition deterrence and reduced growth of consumers.
  • Terpenoids are classified according to the number of isoprene units they contain: monoterpenes, sesquiterpenes, diterpenes, triterpenes, tetraterpenes and polyterpenes.

Derivatives

triterpenoid

Pronunciation: /-pəˌnoid/
adjective& noun
Example sentences
  • White, red, and tree peony contain glycosides (most notably paeoniflorin), flavonoids, proanthocyanidins, tannins, terpenoids, triterpenoids, and complex polysaccharides that may all contribute to its medicinal effects.
  • Indeed, triterpenoid saponins with an acyl side chain have been shown to increase membrane permeability of endothelial cells, whereas those lacking the side chain did not.
  • Structurally, avicins are part of a greater family of molecules called triterpenoid saponins.

For editors and proofreaders

Syllabification: tri·ter·pene

Share this entry
 

What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.