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triumvir

Syllabification: tri·um·vir
Pronunciation: /trīˈəmvər
 
/

Definition of triumvir in English:

noun (plural triumvirs or triumviri /-vəˌrī/)

(In ancient Rome) each of three public officers jointly responsible for overseeing any of the administrative departments.
Example sentences
  • The system was revived later in the century by the triumvirs Mark Antony, Marcus Lepidus and Octavian to eliminate those judged sympathetic to the assassination of Julius Caesar.
  • Octavius, nephew of Julius Caesar, Antony, and Lepidus, united as triumvirs, oppose the forces raised by Brutus and Cassius.
  • Political anarchy reigned in Rome at the hands of the triumvirs.

Origin

Latin, originally as triumviri (plural), back-formation from trium virorum 'of three men', genitive of tres viri.

Derivatives

triumviral

1
adjective
Example sentences
  • This left the empire in the hands of Octavian and Antony, who retained their triumviral power.
  • After his death, the triumviral riots were exacerbated.
  • The author's cultural history of the triumviral period is a useful model for approaching other similarly troublesome moments in Roman history.

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