An infectious disease caused by rickettsiae, characterized by a purple rash, headaches, fever, and usually delirium, and historically a cause of high mortality during wars and famines. There are several forms, transmitted by vectors such as lice, ticks, mites, and rat fleas. Also called spotted fever.
More example sentences
- The concentration of so many men and camp followers promoted the outbreaks of cholera, diphtheria, dysentery, typhoid fever, typhus, bubonic plague - and venereal diseases.
- Body lice may transmit typhus and trench fever.
- To measles we can add smallpox, tuberculosis, malaria, typhus, typhoid, influenza and syphilis.
mid 17th century: modern Latin, from Greek tuphos 'smoke, stupor', from tuphein 'to smoke'.
- More example sentences
- Dilutions of 1: 250 are still bacteriostatic against pathogenic streptococci and staphylococci, typhous, pneumococcus.
- This unwillingness was not removed until his disease, which was a typhous fever, had so far advanced that his medical attendants deemed it too late to expect benefit from medication.
- Various forms of the disease are known as adynamic, intermittent and remittent, typhous, rheumatic and epidemic dysentery; but it is not necessary to classify the disease under these heads.
Definition of typhus in:
- The British & World English dictionary