Definition of valance in English:

valance

Syllabification: val·ance
Pronunciation: /ˈvaləns
 
/

noun

1A length of decorative drapery attached to the canopy or frame of a bed in order to screen the structure or the space beneath it.
More example sentences
  • The Gripsholm bed is squarer and lower than the Knole bed (it may have been cut down), with a more conventional canopy and valances.
  • Included in the show are table covers, needlework patterns, needle worked fire screens, valances for mantels and beds, needlework upholstery, and sewing tools.
  • One of the rooms incorporates a four-poster with an embroidered valance, while another houses a lovely old polished roll-end bed like a sledge of dreams.
1.1chiefly North American A length of decorative drapery hung above a window to screen the curtain fittings.
More example sentences
  • The padded valances and floor-length curtains concealed the architectural beauty of the windows.
  • Draperies combined with window shades, valances and ornamentation such as trims can produce an exceptionally well-dressed window.
  • Curtains or valances, appliance covers, and table runners all can be easily stitched at home.
1.2A dust ruffle.
More example sentences
  • Top the shade with your favorite valance if desired.

Origin

late Middle English: perhaps Anglo-Norman French, from a shortened form of Old French avaler 'descend' (see vail).

Derivatives

valanced

adjective
More example sentences
  • My bed doesn't have this old-fashioned valanced polyester cover.
  • The ashpit crew must now face a choice: by thumbing the button on the electric hoist, they can transport the dump of steamy sodden cinders up and over and into a cinder car, its underframe valanced with murky icicles.

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