Definition of velamen in English:

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Pronunciation: /vəˈlāmən/

noun (plural velamina /-ˈlamənə/)

An outer layer of empty cells in the aerial roots of epiphytic orchids and aroids.
Example sentences
  • Over watering turns the velamen brown and mushy and the roots lose their ability to absorb water.
  • When water is in short supply, the dry velamen restricts water loss from the roots.
  • The role of the velamen is to absorb moisture from the ambient atmosphere, and, may be, to protect from cold or heat.


Late 19th century: from Latin, from velare 'to cover'.

For editors and proofreaders

Syllabification: ve·la·men

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