Definition of weather in English:

weather

Syllabification: weath·er
Pronunciation: /ˈweT͟Hər
 
/

noun

  • 1The state of the atmosphere at a place and time as regards heat, dryness, sunshine, wind, rain, etc.: if the weather’s good, we can go for a walk
    More example sentences
    • Due to the bad weather, torrential rain and wind, the game was halted after the first half.
    • After basking in hot summer sunshine, the weather broke and torrential rain and flash floods brought chaos across Greater Manchester.
    • The Met Office has predicted an unsettled period of weather with rain and wind.
    Synonyms
    forecast, outlook; meteorological conditions, climate, atmospheric pressure, temperature; elements
  • 1.1Cold, wet, and unpleasant or unpredictable atmospheric conditions; the elements: stone walls provide shelter from wind and weather
    More example sentences
    • We shelter from the weather under a clump of trees.
    • Attaching these to a wall or covering in on one or two sides will help protect those using the shelter from the weather.
  • 1.2 [as modifier] Denoting the side from which the wind is blowing, especially on board a ship; windward: the weather side of the yacht Contrasted with lee.
    More example sentences
    • Take the man alongside your boat so the man is on the weather side of your boat.
    • Normal deck duties were not possible, so we continually chipped ice from the weather side, as the sea froze on the deck.
    • The second attempt was made by running in from the stern and passing close down the weather side.

verb

[with object] Back to top  
  • 1Wear away or change the appearance or texture of (something) by long exposure to the air: his skin was weathered almost black by his long outdoor life
    More example sentences
    • Old, his face was weathered and wrinkled, but he always had a smile for the strange woman and her sporadic emotional outbursts.
    • A small crevice in the cliff allowed them passage, into a very small, shadowy space between many boulders and the remains of a gnarled, weathered tree.
    • Bill Harney has the gnarled hands and weathered hat of a lifetime's work with cattle.
    Synonyms
    weather-beaten, worn; tanned, bronzed; lined, creased, wrinkled, gnarled, gnarly
  • 1.1 [no object] (Of rock or other material) be worn away or altered by long exposure to the air: the ice sheet preserves specimens that would weather away more quickly in other regions
    More example sentences
    • Materials have weathered well in the ten years since the building was completed.
    • Requiring no artificial preservative, the wood weathers naturally and turning silver with age will merge into water and sky.
    • As carbonate rocks weather, the insoluble fractions are introduced into the cave deposits.
  • 1.2 (usually as noun weathering) Falconry Allow (a hawk) to spend a period perched on a block in the open air.
    More example sentences
    • Bobby hoisted his one-year-old son, Aidan, into a backpack and went to transfer two pet hawks from their outdoor weathering perch to an indoor mews.
    • The outdoor facilities are often called the ‘weathering areas’; these areas should be covered with wire or netting or roofed, so that the Red Tailed Hawk is not bothered by other animals.
    • General weathering is very important for young birds.
  • 2Come safely through (a storm).
    More example sentences
    • His ships weathered the storm, sailed west and reached Honduras in Central America.
    • He aides the Master of the ship in trying to weather the storm.
    • Vessels sheltering in the marina seemed to weather the storms very successfully.
  • 2.1Withstand (a difficulty or danger): this year has tested industry’s ability to weather recession
    More example sentences
    • The news was welcomed by traders in the city who have weathered a difficult winter, as they vowed to keep up the momentum.
    • We have been able, therefore, to weather a very difficult economic climate.
    • ‘We have successfully weathered the most difficult times in recent years,’ chairman and managing director Lo Yuk-sui said.
    Synonyms
    survive, come through, ride out, pull through; withstand, endure, rise above, surmount, overcome, resist, brave
    informal stick out
  • 2.2 Sailing (Of a ship) get to the windward of (a cape or other obstacle).
    More example sentences
    • The ship could not weather the Cape Jackson point and was gradually driven on the lee shore.
  • 3Make (boards or tiles) overlap downward to keep out rain.
  • 3.1(In building) slope or bevel (a surface) to throw off rain.

Phrases

keep a weather eye on

Observe very carefully, especially for changes or developments.
More example sentences
  • The legislation sets strict rules on how such data may be used and displayed, levying fines for serious breaches, so it's worth keeping a weather eye on dataprotection.gov.uk to stay within the law.
  • It is important that we do keep a weather eye on the horizon, watching for any significant indications that cyber terror actually will appear.
  • Throughout this debate I have expressed an opinion in favour of removing the offending articles while keeping a weather eye on the wider political agenda.

make heavy weather of

informal Have unnecessary difficulty in dealing with (a task or problem).
[from the nautical phrase make good or bad weather of it, referring to a ship in a storm]
More example sentences
  • But Councillor Steve Galloway said: ‘I think we are making heavy weather of it all.’
  • Almost week by week the evidence grows of a strengthening and sustainable recovery in the US while the continental economies continue to make heavy weather of a global pick-up.
  • For a serious woman who can make heavy weather of life, she has a very sunny side.

under the weather

informal Slightly unwell or in low spirits.
More example sentences
  • I feel sick, have a painful headache and feel a bit under the weather, but I know that if I push myself and get out of bed I will feel better.
  • And every time I go for a stroll by the river when I'm feeling a bit under the weather, I come back home wondering why I felt so poorly in the first place.
  • So I'm more than a bit under the weather at present.

Origin

Old English weder, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch weer and German Wetter, probably also to the noun wind1.

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