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Synonyms of rough in English:


  • 1 she stumbled on the rough ground
    [Antonyms] flat, smooth
  • 2 the terrier's coat is rough and thick
    coarse, bristly, scratchy, prickly;
    shaggy, hairy, hirsute, bushy, fuzzy
    [Antonyms] smooth, sleek
  • 3 the tree has a rough, purplish-brown bark
  • 4 the cream brings immediate relief to rough skin
    [Antonyms] smooth
  • 5 his voice was rough with barely controlled anger
    [Antonyms] soft
  • 6 down the hall, a noise of rough laughter and shouting could be heard
    [Antonyms] dulcet
  • 7 a bottle of rough red wine
    [Antonyms] sweet, mellow
  • 8 he tends to get rough when he's drunk
    violent, brutal, vicious;
    aggressive, belligerent, pugnacious, thuggish;
    boisterous, rowdy, disorderly, unruly, unrestrained, wild, riotous, undisciplined, unmanageable
    informal ugly
    Scottish informal radge
    [Antonyms] gentle, passive
  • 9 a robust machine, able to withstand rough handling
    careless, clumsy, inept, unskilful
    [Antonyms] careful
  • 10 Sophie disliked his rough manners
    [Antonyms] cultured, civilized, refined
  • 11 rough seas
    turbulent, stormy, storm-tossed, tempestuous, violent, heavy, heaving, raging, choppy, agitated
    informal rolly
    [Antonyms] calm
  • 12 the weather was really rough
    foul, filthy, nasty, inclement, unpleasant, disagreeable
    [Antonyms] fine
  • 13 informal they gave him a very rough time
    difficult, hard, tough, bad, unpleasant, demanding, arduous
    [Antonyms] easy, pleasant
  • 14British informal you were a bit rough on her
    harsh, hard, tough, stern, sharp, abrasive, severe, unfair, unjust, unrelenting, unfeeling, insensitive, nasty, cruel;
    unkind, unsympathetic, inconsiderate, brutal, heartless, savage, merciless, extreme
    [Antonyms] kind, gentle
  • 15 informal ‘How are you feeling?’ ‘Pretty rough’
    ill, unwell, poorly, bad, out of sorts, indisposed, not oneself, sick, queasy, nauseous, nauseated, peaky, liverish, green about the gills, run down, washed out, faint, dizzy, giddy, light-headed;
    British  off, off colour
    informal under the weather, below par, not up to par, funny, peculiar, lousy, rotten, awful, terrible, dreadful, crummy
    British informal grotty, ropy
    Scottish informal wabbit, peely-wally
    Australian/New Zealand informal crook
    vulgar slang crappy
    dated seedy
    rare peaked, peakish
    [Antonyms] well, okay
  • 16 she cobbled together a rough draft and then rewrote it
    preliminary, hasty, quick, sketchy, cursory, basic, crude, rudimentary, rough and ready, raw, unpolished, unrefined;
    incomplete, unfinished, uncompleted
    [Antonyms] finished, perfected
  • 17 this is only a rough estimate
    [Antonyms] exact, accurate, precise
  • 18 I'm afraid the accommodation is rather rough
    plain, basic, simple, rough and ready, rustic, rude, crude, primitive, spartan, uncomfortable
    [Antonyms] luxurious
  • noun

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  • 1 the artist's initial roughs are very important
    preliminary sketch, draft, outline, mock-up, model, artist's impression
  • 2British a bunch of roughs attacked him
    Australian  larrikin
    British informal yob, yobbo, bovver boy, lager lout, chav
    Scottish informal radge
    Scottish & Northern English informal keelie, ned
    Australian/New Zealand informal roughie, lout
  • verb

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  • rough the surface with sandpaper
    roughen, make rough
  • Phrases

    rough something out
    draft, sketch out, outline, block out, mock up;
    suggest, delineate, give a brief idea of
    formal adumbrate
    rough someone up
    beat up, beat, attack, assault, knock about/around, maltreat, mistreat, abuse, batter, manhandle
    informal do over, bash up, work over, beat the living daylights out of
    British informal duff up
    North American informal beat up on
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