There are 2 main definitions of -ish in English:

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-ish 1

suffix

Forming adjectives:
1(From nouns) having the qualities or characteristics of: apish girlish
1.1Of the nationality of: Swedish
2.1 informal Denoting an approximate age or time of day: sixish

Origin

Old English -isc, of Germanic origin; related to Old Norse -iskr, German and Dutch -isch, also to Greek -iskos (suffix forming diminutive nouns).

Definition of -ish in:

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There are 2 main definitions of -ish in English:

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-ish 2

suffix

Forming verbs such as abolish, establish.

Origin

From French -iss- (from stems of verbs ending in -ir), from Latin -isc- (suffix forming inceptive verbs); compare with -ish1.

Definition of -ish in:

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Word of the day fortissimo
Pronunciation: fɔːˈtɪsɪməʊ
adverb
(especially as a direction) very loud or loudly