There are 4 main definitions of -s in English:

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-s 1

Pronunciation: /s/ /z/ after a vowel sound or voiced consonant

suffix

Denoting the plurals of nouns (as in apples, wagons, etc.). Compare with -es1.

Origin

Old English plural ending -as.

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There are 4 main definitions of -s in English:

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-s 2

Pronunciation: /s/ /z/ after a vowel sound or voiced consonant

suffix

Forming the third person singular of the present of verbs (as in sews, runs, etc.). Compare with -es2.

Origin

Old English dialect.

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There are 4 main definitions of -s in English:

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-s 3

Pronunciation: /s/ /z/ after a vowel sound or voiced consonant

suffix

1Forming adverbs such as besides.
2Forming possessive pronouns such as hers, ours.

Origin

Old English -es, masculine and neuter genitive singular ending.

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There are 4 main definitions of -s in English:

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-s 4

Pronunciation: /s/ /z/ after a vowel sound or voiced consonant

suffix

Forming nicknames or pet names: ducks

Origin

Suggested by -s1.

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