A flourishing city state of ancient Greece, Athens was an important cultural centre in the 5th century bc. It came under Roman rule in 146 bc and fell to the Goths in ad 267. After its capture by the Turks in 1456 Athens declined to the status of a village, until chosen as the capital of a newly independent Greece in 1834
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- For the ancient Athenians, Marathon was a great victory which revealed the vulnerability of the dreaded Persian empire.
- And meanwhile, Athenians are on record for being the most optimistic city dwellers in Europe.
- They like to refer to the Parthenon as the symbol of Athenian democracy.
Definition of Athens in:
- The US English dictionary