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Australia

Line breaks: Aus|tra¦lia
Pronunciation: /ɒˈstreɪlɪə
 
/

Definition of Australia in English:

An island country and continent of the southern hemisphere, in the SW Pacific, a member state of the Commonwealth; population 21,262,600 (est. 2009); official language, English; capital, Canberra.

Inhabited by Aboriginal peoples since prehistoric times, Australia was explored by the Dutch from 1606; British colonization began in 1788, as did the transportation of convicts (discontinued in 1868). Australia was declared a Commonwealth in 1901, when the six colonies (New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia, and the offshore island of Tasmania) federated as sovereign states; Northern Territory achieved similar status in 1978

Definition of Australia in:

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