a mid 19th-century school of French landscape painters who reacted against classical conventions and based their art on direct study of nature. Led by Théodore Rousseau, the group included Charles Daubigny and Jean-François Millet.
named after Barbizon, a small village in the forest of Fontainebleau, near Paris, where Rousseau and others worked
Barbizon School in other Oxford dictionaries
Definition of Barbizon School in the US English dictionary