( 1859–1941), French philosopher; full name Henri Louis Bergson. Dividing the world into life (or consciousness) and matter, he rejected Darwinian evolution and argued that life possesses an inherent creative impulse (élan vital) which creates new forms as life seeks to impose itself on matter. Nobel Prize for Literature (1927).
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- As we have already suggested, Bergsonian intuition is memory.
- In doing so he relies upon a rather bewildering amalgam of different theories, from Bergsonian metaphysics to Darwinian evolution to research on neural mapping.
- Instead, Lewis wanted to move away from the romanticising of the modern era and the representation of the elan vital of Bergsonian flux, towards solidity, rigidity and geometric interpretation.
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