Definition of Caledonian in English:


Line breaks: Cale|do¦nian
Pronunciation: /ˌkalɪˈdəʊnɪən


  • 1(Chiefly in names or geographical terms) relating to Scotland or the Scottish Highlands: the Caledonian Railway
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    • There is also a suggestion that the match against Japan could be played in the Caledonian region to reward Scotland's most northerly region for its crucial and growing contribution to the national squad.
    • Perhaps there is already a corner of a Caledonian bar being named in his honour.
    • The stronghold for many of these species is in the Caledonian pinewoods of Scotland, although colonies are also recorded in the New Forest and Windsor Forest.
  • 2 Geology Relating to or denoting a mountain-forming period (orogeny) in NW Europe and Greenland during the Lower Palaeozoic era, especially the late Silurian.
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    • Avalonia drifted rapidly northwards, opening the Rheic ocean until it collided with Laurentia in the Silurian during the Caledonian orogeny.
    • The mechanically weak phyllitic layer acted as the basal thrust or décollement zone during the Caledonian orogeny.
    • The Caledonian orogeny in East Greenland was the result of the collision of Baltica with the margin of Eaurentia.


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  • 1chiefly • humorous or • literary A person from Scotland.
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    • But the Romans never subdued the northern tribes - variously referred to as Brigantes, Caledonians and Picts - who repeatedly launched raids into the mighty Roman Empire.
    • It is not till AD.300 that we read of the Caledonians and other Picts; in the 4th century they frequently harried the Romans up to the wall of Hadrian, between Tyne and Soiway.
    • It had always been hoped that the Scottish parliament would divert the attention of fractious Caledonians away from England-bashing.
  • 2 (the Caledonian) Geology The Caledonian orogeny.
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    • Unlike other Late Palaeozoic orogens, most notably the Appalachian, Variscan and Caledonian, the Uralide orogen did not undergo major post-orogenic extension.
    • Finally, later workers such as Baird and Rathbone et al. have concluded that the thrust movement occurred after the metamorphic climax, and is Caledonian in age.
    • D2 can be shown to be Caledonian in age, because the associated SZ cleavage is also found in Early Cambrian Skolithos-bearing sandstones.


from Caledonia, the Latin name for northern Britain, + -an.

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Pronunciation: ˌkɒlərəˈtjʊərə
elaborate ornamentation of a vocal melody